Factors that influence the formation of the child's personality

Factors that influence the formation of the child's personality

The factors that influence the development of the child's personality are also debated by specialists in the field at the present time. There are several theories regarding the factors that determine the shape of a child's personality, the most known and accepted being heredity, social factors, education and culture.


Personality is a complex set of qualities, opinions, thoughts, attitudes and ideas that the child forms and appropriates and which differentiates him from other children.

Discovering the factors that influence how personality is formed is still the current goal of many researchers, and the debates around them have not stopped yet!


There are a lot of theories that advocate that heredity is one of the essential aspects that contribute to the development of the human personality.

It is considered that certain personality traits are transmitted genetically through biological processes during pregnancy.

Social factors

Another important factor in the development of the child's personality is the influence of the parents or the home environment.

The way you behave with the little one, the way you encourage him to socialize with others, the culture he is exposed to and inoculated by the little one and the emotional environment in which he is raised contributes fully to his emotional development.

The child begins to understand first what he is feeling and to recognize the emotions he is experiencing through and with the help of the mother. Learn about love, support, understanding, empathy, generosity from parents.

As it grows, the child develops other emotions, some negative, some positive. He also experiences feelings and feelings of fear, anxiety, jealousy, anger and timidity.

It depends a lot on how the parents manage to encourage the child to implement in his personality only the positive emotions and to leave the negative ones aside.

The child needs both parents to form their personality harmoniously. The absence of one of the parents puts his mark on the emotional development of the child, implicitly of his personality.

Social factors also involve the groups of people with whom the child comes into contact (friends, colleagues, relatives, acquaintances), but also the religious and spiritual values ‚Äč‚Äčthat are inherited through the family.


The cultural factor is closely linked to the social factor in forming the personality of a child. Modeling of personality depends, among other things, on the way in which the child assimilates and internalizes the elements of the culture to which he is exposed from birth.

In every society there is a predominant culture. The European culture corresponds to a certain personality model, which is shaped by the family in the education and development of the children. The main features of European culture are:

  • sociability;
  • competitiveness;
  • cooperation;
  • pragmatism;
  • punctuality;
  • creativity.


And education puts its mark in shaping the personality of the child, but to a lesser extent than the others. Education is essential especially in modeling child behavior.

Enrollment in kindergarten and then in school, subject the child to a new environment, from which he has much to learn and assimilate.

The school does not only mean assimilation of information, but also socialization, communication, rules, and the way a child is treated at school by teachers and colleagues has a strong impact on personality development.

Personality types in children

Based on the combination of the factors listed above and the increased weight of some of them, more personality types are born in children. Thus, at preschool age, the child has already formed a quite stable and functional personality.

The main personality categories in which children from preschool age are:

  • the fearful child (hypersensitive);
  • the defiant child (naughty);
  • the negligent child;
  • the apathetic child (dreamer);
  • the active child (with aggressive accents).

Tags Personality kids