Worrying signs in the evolution of communication in children can occur even when speech and language are still in the process of development, ie 1-2 years. At this age, the child is far from completing language and speech purchases and has more until he or she acquires them completely, but parents tend to worry even under these conditions.
Here are really the signs for which you should have trouble when it comes to communicating with your little baby!
Characteristics of communication in the child of 1-2 years
Some children do not speak until the age of two, trying to get used to gestures and sounds! Children's vocabulary varies in density at this age. Some children say dozens of words, others just a few.
Most children of this age share these reference points in common:
- pronounce around 15 words up to the age of 18 months;
- by the age of two, put together 2-3 words to form a simple sentence;
- imitate sentences of 4-5 words (at this age, the child tends to imitate the sentences and expressions he hears from others);
- has a vocabulary that encompasses around 50 words (these are words the child uses spontaneously in current speech, not through imitation);
- listen carefully to stories and follow pictures from books (the child manages to keep his attention focused during the story telling of a story and carefully watch the images you show in the book; with the help of reading, the children enrich their vocabulary);
- speak or try to talk while playing with yourself or other children (communication skills are best learned during games);
- is able to follow simple instructions and put them into practice;
- uses personal pronouns (begins to become aware that he is different from those around them; understands and begins to use the concepts of him, me, you, them, etc.);
- answers correctly simple questions (not yet able to ask questions, but is able to give 2-3 words answers - receptive language skills develop faster than expressive language skills);
- is able to correctly pronounce sounds such as "b", "p", "m", "k", "h", "d", "t", "n", "g" etc.
Signs of concern in the development of communication in the child of 1-2 years
Listing the language or communication skills that the child is capable of at 1-2 years can help you figure out when and when you should have problems.
It does not mean that the little boy must tick off all the abilities listed above. Each child develops at his or her own pace, and language acquisition also.
Your child may have problems with some of the language features or acquisitions they should prove by this age, but it is not a serious problem that requires medical or speech-language control. It may just be harder to learn and it should be encouraged and motivated to develop them by the appropriate means.
But if your little one doesn't speak for up to two years or has a vocabulary that is too poor (he can't remember and learn words to use in everyday speech) it means something is wrong.
Also, if you fail to focus on reading or when you tell stories, you do not answer questions and sometimes do not even react when you shout, it may be a problem with hearing. It is advisable to go to the doctor for further investigations.
Sometimes, chronic ear infections can interfere with the normal development of the child's hearing. Special tests can certify hearing loss.
Most parents with children who have problems with speech, language or attention are afraid that they will not have autism. It is true that the disorder causes delays and impairments in speech or language, but you do not have to think that far. In order for the child to be diagnosed with this problem, he must develop many other symptoms specific to the disease - poor social development, limited interests, etc.
If the little boy seems devoid of interest, is not interested in games and age-specific activities, which other children are interested in, he seems to be struggling to say words and does not understand simple questions or does not associate words in sentences, go with him to the doctor.
Tags Communication for children Language development Speech for children