By the Romanian law, the "surrogate" mothers lose their parental rights
The Law on Assisted Human Reproduction encouraged trafficking in "surrogate" women, willing to become pregnant on demand for money, abortions in the last phase and trade in artificial embryos, say representatives of NGOs and the Romanian Medical College (CMR).
Pregnancy carriers cannot decide on abortion
Even if it was not publicly debated, as in Italy, Law no. 217/2004 has aroused numerous controversies since its adoption. The NGOs and the CMR considered that some provisions are unconstitutional. If the law is not amended, physicians who practice artificial insemination will not be punished when they do not make the psychological evaluation of couples and mothers "surrogate", when they do not respect the maximum biological age up to which a woman can be inseminated (in abroad, this is set at 35 years) or when they will cause late abortions due to the pressures that can be exercised, through a contract without clauses, the couple who orders the child.
Poor women are tempted to rent the bodies of infertile couples, without considering the consequences. "Once she has accepted to become a 'surrogate' mother, the woman can no longer decide on her body. Even if medical problems arise, those who decide whether or not the woman can abort are the doctor and the couple who "order" the child, "Iustina Ionescu, from the Legal Resource Center, told us.
Abroad, the law allows artificially inseminated women to think after birth, whether or not they give up the baby, Iustina Ionescu said.
In its current form, "the law rather benefits physicians who practice artificial insemination and those willing to practice trafficking in eggs and embryos, because the penalties provided for are very small - between 10 and 30 million lei," Vasile Astarastoae told us, head of the Bioethics Commission of the CMR. In Italy, the law is more restrictive: it benefits from assisted human reproduction only those who were born infertile, not those who became so after the abortions.
The law will be debated again on June 29 at the Constitutional Court, following the notifications made by the Presidential Administration last days.
Sperm and cloned, fertile eggs
Infertility problems that cause so much headaches for couples will soon be solved by using artificial reproductive cells. Harvard researchers and then other specialists from around the world have managed to clone sperm and egg cells. This is possible by taking the skin cells, cloning them and producing embryonic stem cells with the same genetic load as the person from whom the skin cells were taken.
Mihaela Naftanaila, Evenimentul Zilei