Ophthalmological control is mandatory in children and should be performed periodically, at a time interval recommended by the pediatric doctor, depending on the medical particularities of each child. Prophylactic consultations are essential for ensuring the visual health of the child and for discovering possible vision problems that your little one may have!
How often should ophthalmological examinations be performed in children?
The first ophthalmological examination of the child should take place in the first year of the baby's life. If the doctor does not discover vision problems, the following ophthalmological consultations will take place at 3, respectively 5 years. From the age of 5 years onwards, the child will have to do an eye check once at most 2 years.
What happens during the ophthalmological exams?
Here are the basic tests most often used by pediatricians to test vision and eye health. Only after the pediatrician has the child undergoes these usual tests will he, if necessary, refer him to a pediatric ophthalmologist.
During your visit to your pediatrician, your baby is subjected to a thorough physical examination, but also to special tests to identify his ability to focus things, recognize colors or perceive thicknesses or depths:
- the discovery of the dominant eye (by covering and discovering each eye separately, on an auditory background created by the eyes);
- visual tracking of an object to the left and to the right (to find out if it manages to fix objects);
- the use of a visual beam positioned in the visual field to identify the pupils' ability to respond to light;
- testing the coordination of the ocular muscles by moving some objects in front and at a distance, to test the ability to see clearly near and from a distance.
In case the pediatrician suspects vision problems, he will refer the child to a pediatric ophthalmologist, who specializes in eye and vision problems for the little ones. The ophthalmologist will perform another series of tests, much more complex, to detect the problems that the pediatrician suspected in the first phase, but also to detect others.
- vision correction (by introducing eye drops to detect myopia, astigmatism and hyperopia);
- analyzing the inside and the bottom of the eye (with the help of the ophthalmoscope).
The test results show that your baby has major vision problems, which require correction, by wearing glasses or other appropriate medical treatments.
If the eye problems are not detected in time and evolve, causing complications, the little one risks not only wearing glasses all his life, but even losing his sight or suffering major interventions to repair the damage caused by the aggravation of some diseases.
Ophthalmological control is important and mandatory in children, at an interval recommended by the pediatrician who deals with it.
Tags Problems with children 's eyes Children' s eye disorders