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5 common skin disorders of infants

5 common skin disorders of infants

5 common skin disorders of infants

When it comes to baby skin, you can be sure of one thing: you are most likely to experience rashes of all kinds in the first year. Why? Human skin acts as a protective barrier against all types of elements, from sun to bacteria, but it takes about a year for the epidermis to function effectively.

Dr. Andreea Stancu, dermatologist at Hexi Med, details the most common skin conditions of infants and how they can be treated.

"No baby can get rid of the well-known diaper irritation. The diaper area is hot and humid, so the skin has to suffer. Keep the diaper area as airy as possible, changing the baby as often as possible and using the appropriate ointments. Protect the rest of the baby's body. using delicate, hypoallergenic and fragrance free products. Once the child reaches the age of one year, his skin will become more resistant to these conditions ", explains Dr. Andreea Stancu, dermatologist at Hexi Med.

Intertrigo

What is it?

An eruption found in the skin of the baby's skin, especially the throat. It most often occurs in chubby children under 6 months.

What does it look like?

A fairly strong red rash inside the skin. The child may not experience pain, but it depends on the affected area.

Cause

Excessive moisture caused by saliva or perspiration, which is collected in the skin of the baby's skin, leads to irritation and favors bacterial or fungal infection.

What to do?

Wash the baby's skin with an oxide and zinc gel to provide protection. As babies grow older, this condition disappears.

Sudamina

What am I?

Also known as miliary, these rashes can occur on the face, neck or back. It is most common during the summer, when the temperatures and humidity are high.

What does it look like?

Symptoms range from small blisters (basaltic) on the skin, to papules (swelling) of the skin or red color.

Cause

Sudamine occurs more frequently in newborns because the channels of the sweat glands are poorly developed; they may rupture, leading to accumulation of sweat secretion under the epidermis.

Since the skin of a child is not able to regulate body heat, any factor such as warmth, over heating due to clothing or moisture, synthetic clothing, certain creams that can clog pores are among the favoring factors that can lead to this rash.

What to do?

"Eliminate any source of excessive heat and wrap the baby in thin cotton clothes, avoid applying oily creams or body oils. The appearance of the skin should gradually improve," explains Dr. Andreea Stancu.

Seborrhea

What is it?

Seborrheic dermatitis or "milk crusts" it is an eruption that can occur on the scalp and in the area of ​​the eyebrows, behind the ears or on the neck, cheeks and chest. It is common in children under 6 months.

What does it look like?

On the scalp and on the eyebrows, the seborrhea looks like dandruff, although it can also appear as yellow peels. The sap tends to have a yellowish-white, greasy or dry appearance. This condition is unsightly, but generally will not cause any discomfort to the child.

Cause

The cause of seborrhea is not yet known. Among the factors involved are: increased sebum production, involvement of the Malassezia mushroom.

What to do?

"The traditional remedy is to anoint the child with a little olive oil or special baby oil on the skin of the head to soften the peels, then brush them gently. Also, it is recommended to wash the skin of the head, as well as other areas affected by shampoo sebum. especially for babies or, in more severe cases with dandruff shampoo ", adds Dr. Andreea Stancu.

Eczema

What is it?

Eczema can occur anywhere on the body of a child, starting at the age of 3-4 months. Up to 20% of children will develop this itchy rash.

What does it look like?

In its mildest form, eczema erupts in dry, uneven areas of the skin. Also, when the area of ​​eczema worsens, it is red, inflamed, or may even form small vesicles with yellow-white fluid.

Cause

Any factor can trigger this eczema in babies prone to this condition. Warm weather can cause perspiration, which irritates the skin; cold weather, dries the skin. Soaps and clothing, especially wool, can also be triggers; drug treatments, any bacterial, viral or parasitological infection can lead secondary to eczema on the skin.

What to do?

"Wash the baby's skin with a gel without detergent and perfume and then apply a special moisturizing cream for the little ones on the affected area, twice a day. For severe cases, talk with your doctor about a steroid ointment, which will reduce inflammation." , completes Dr. Andreea Stancu.

Dermatitis

What is it?

A reaction of the skin of the child in contact with soaps and detergents, grass or other plants.

What does it look like?

The redness of the affected skin, with the appearance of red basalts on the surface.

Cause

If the eruption occurs throughout the child's body, it is very likely that the soap or gel is to blame. If the chest and arms are affected, the culprit could be a new shirt, not washed.

What to do?

"If the affected area looks dry, moisturize it. If the condition does not bother the child, just remove the trigger factor (wash all the clothes after you buy them, try a milder soap, laundry detergent). If the eruption is accompanied by itching, talk to your doctor about a hydrocortisone cream or an antihistamine, "he points out. Dr. Andreea Stancu.

Hexi Medical Center Med It brings together a professional team that is constantly focusing on improving the doctor-patient relationship, one of the goals of the medical team is to combine professional activities with friends, to support patients in knowing and understanding all the diagnosis and treatment data. Hexi Med Medical Center combines specialties such as cardiology, dermatology, ultrasound, endocrinology, gynecology, family and occupational medicine, ENT, internal medicine, ophthalmology and diabetes, nutrition and metabolic diseases, and also performs medical analyzes. More information on www.heximed.ro.

Tags Baby skin disorders