Oral or oropharyngeal candida is a common infection in newborns and babies, caused by the Candida Albicans fungus. It is manifested by the appearance of whitish lesions located on the tongue, mucosa of thunderstorms and in the pharyngeal-tonsillar area. They are uncomfortable and cause the baby to become slightly irritable, because the injuries are painful.
What are the causes of oral candidiasis in babies?
Fungal infections often occur in people who have a weakened immune system. Newborns and infants have incompletely developed immunity, which makes them vulnerable to infection development.
In the first three months of life, the baby is protected from germs and viruses through antibodies received from the mother. It is only after this period that the body begins to produce antibodies and to fight infections more effectively.
The baby can be infected with Candida albicans fungus from anywhere. Natural births favor the transmission of the disease to newborns, if you are carrying the fungus, because the vagina is an environment contaminated with this fungus. But it is not the only source of contamination. Babies can also contract the fungus from sterilized pacifiers or bottles improperly and even from the mother's breast. Attention, the infection can be transmitted and vice versa, from the baby to the mother, during the suckling to the breast, so it is important to protect yourself during that period and to take therapeutic measures, if any.
What are the symptoms of oral candidiasis in babies?
The presence of fungus in the body does not guarantee the initiation of oral candidiasis, so no symptoms appear. Only when it increases in the mouth cavity and the infection occurs, the first symptoms begin to appear. They can have a sudden onset and they can manifest themselves for quite a long time. Among the most important are:
- whitish lesions on the tongue and deposits of the same color, of a brownish texture;
- pain and discomfort that can cause other symptoms: inability, inability to swallow food;
- bleeding lesions;
- sense of altered taste;
How is oral candidiasis treated in infants?
If you notice the symptoms of oral candidiasis in the baby, go to the doctor for a correct diagnosis. The treatment can be prescribed only by the doctor and often consists of the administration of antifungals, but also the use of ointments with local action, to improve the symptoms present at the buccal level. If you are breastfeeding the baby, it is recommended to apply antifungal ointments and nipples.
It is important that the disease be treated in parallel, both in the mother and the baby, if both are diagnosed with this fungus, to avoid recontamination or recurrence of the disease in one of them.
If it is detected in time and treated properly, the oral candidate does not pose problems for the health of the baby. But if ignored, it can lead to serious complications. A generalized infection can be triggered, and the baby may suffer from septicemia or bronchopneumonia.
As measures to prevent fungal infection, doctors recommend the careful sterilization of baby's nipples and suckers, as well as the constant change of diapers, to prevent fungal proliferation and the development of the disease.
Breastfeeding the baby is recommended instead of milk powder. As the infection develops against a weak or vulnerable immune system, doctors say that feeding the baby with breast milk provides the necessary antibodies to stop this infection from happening or to fight it more effectively. There are antibodies that the baby does not receive from the powdered milk, even though the specialists have tried to imitate the breast milk content as accurately as possible.
Has your little one ever suffered from oral candida? How did you manage to alleviate her symptoms and what therapeutic measures did your doctor recommend? Share your experience in the comment section below!
Tags Baby infections