Adverse drug reactions are common in both adults and children. Each person responds differently to the stimuli of the active substances of the drug treatments, so while some children may choose with itching and skin irritation, others can withstand them without any problem.
Allergic reactions generally occur when the immune system responds to certain stimuli that it perceives as potentially harmful to the body. In an attempt to reject or expose an alarm signal for the protagonists, he reacts when he feels his health is threatened.
Symptoms and diagnosis of allergies to medicines that children suffer from
Drug sensitivity is not the same as drug allergy. While the former may have symptoms such as gastric reflux, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and intestinal or stomach cramps, the allergy to medicines is most often superficial and very visible.
Areas where the skin is more sensitive, such as the neck and neck, the abdomen or wrists of the hands and feet can cause irritation.
The skin in these areas becomes redder and warmer to the touch, and local inflammations are also among the possible symptoms of drug allergies.
Sometimes, they may look like swelling caused by insect bites. Similarly to them, itching can also occur in such cases.
Irritations and inflammations caused by children's allergy to medications may be accompanied by other allergy-specific symptoms, such as sneezing or nasal congestion. Other times, this type of allergy can be manifested by a slight increase in body temperature, but also by strong inflammations of the face and limbs, and in extreme cases it can be quite dangerous and threatening to children's health.
Inflammation of the lymph nodes, kidney problems, and sensitivity of the skin to sunlight are also among the symptoms of drug allergy.
Diagnosis of allergies to medicines can be done with the help of skin tests. To do this, doctors apply the harmful substance directly onto the skin, scratching it gently with a sterile needle.
Depending on how the skin tissue reacts - whether it is inflamed and flushed instantly or not - the allergist can make an accurate diagnosis of these effects and their nature.
Treatment of allergies to medicines
Remedies for allergy medications that children suffer from most often include antihistamines and bronchodilators. They have the role of reducing inflammation and irritation and counteracting the harmful effects of medicines.
corticosteroids they are also used to regulate the immune system in such conditions, and in very serious cases, where there is a danger of anaphylactic shock, doctors administer adrenaline to patients.
You should know that, most of the times, children suffering from fan fever (allergic rhinitis or seasonal allergies) are also prone to drug allergies, so this could be a first sign of such a condition.
Useful recommendations for mothers
Allergy producing drugs are powerful antibiotics as well penicillin, anti-seizures, aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs which do not contain steroids, as it is ibuprofen.
This does not mean, however, that all other medicines are completely safe. Moreover, frequent administration of an oral drug presents more risks than skin or subcutaneous drugs.
The first thing you need to do, as a mother, if you have been confirmed to be allergic to your child's medications, is to avoid that drug in the future, as well as all the other ones that contain the substance.
Secondly, your child's pediatrician should be informed about this allergy so that he or she can avoid reactions to the treatments he or she recommends for treating viruses or infections.
Did your child have a drug allergy? What kind of medicine? We look forward to your comments in the comments section below!