Allergic conjunctivitis it is a fairly common condition among children and is manifested by irritation and inflammation of the ocular mucosa and of the conjunctiva, caused by the reaction of the immune system to certain factors in the atmosphere.
These factors are generically called allergens and stimulate the body to react to the defense of health, when their potential is perceived as harmful.
Allergic conjunctivitis is accompanied by symptoms such as conjunctival congestion and irritation, frequent tears, itching and sneezing. Like any other allergy, it can degenerate in the most extreme cases into anaphylaxis.
Signs of allergic conjunctivitis in children and diagnosis
If you notice that your son is constantly tearing and has red eyes and inflamed eyelids, this is a sign that he may suffer from childhood allergic conjunctivitis. This condition is neither hereditary nor contagious, and in most cases does not affect and does not obstruct the vision.
Like other allergies, respectively reactions of the immune system to the factors present in the environment, allergic conjunctivitis can also be accompanied by symptoms such as sneezing or the elimination in large quantities of nasal mucosa.
Factors that can trigger allergic conjunctivitis are:
- the skin or the hair of the pets;
- mold spores from the home;
- pollen of flowers;
- medicinal substances;
- Insect bites.
In the case of adults, this can be generated by the use of certain ones personal care products, as they are:
- shower gels;
- creams and lotions for face and body;
- shaving cream;
- makeup products and lotion removers;
- in general, everything that comes into contact with the skin.
As in children it is not possible to talk about using such a wide range of cosmetic products, the most common triggering factors remain those mentioned above, which may vary depending on the season (pollen) or the change of the environmental environment.
Itching in the eye area it is common in the case of infantile allergic conjunctivitis, as well local irritations and constant tears. Eyelid edema and their irritations may also occur, but they are not present in all cases.
Often, the symptoms can be confused with those of the common colds, and allergy doctors can determine their causes by performing skin or blood tests. It is good to know that this condition is not usually a single disease, but accompanies other allergies such as allergic rhinitis or hay fever and allergic asthma.
Treatment of infantile allergic conjunctivitis
After making the diagnosis and recognizing allergy triggering factors, the first thing doctors recommend is avoiding contact with them. The most common treatments involve the use of eye lubricants, such as artificial tears or eye drops containing non-irritating antiseptic substances.
If conjunctivitis is accompanied by another allergy, the doctor will prescribe to the patient child antihistamine drugs, meant to reduce inflammation, irritation and frequency of sneezing, as well as drops or nasal sprays.
Recommendations for reducing the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis in children
Hygiene is extremely important when it comes to alleviating the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis, so frequent washing of the hands and face is very important. To avoid irritation and inflammation the eyes area should be cleaned with cold water and soap and wiped with a light swab with a clean towel, which only the child can use, not the other family members.
Avoiding polluted environments can also be helpful, and maintaining hygiene is not limited to body hygiene, so pillowcases and bedding in the child's room must also be changed very often, washed at high temperatures with detergents that do not contain allergens and iron.
Cold water compresses can reduce inflammation, but bandaging the eyes is not recommended, as it may favor germ retention and propagation.