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Allergic rhinitis. Tips for parents whose children suffer from allergies

Allergic rhinitis. Tips for parents whose children suffer from allergies

Allergic wound is the reaction of the immune system to certain substances, most often harmless, which they perceive as harmful. These substances are called allergens and the immune system's reaction is to release histamine compounds and other chemical mediators into the body that cause sneezing, inflammation of the neck, eyes or ears, itching and skin irritation.

Allergic wound or fan fever it is most often caused by pollen present in the atmosphere at certain times of the year or in certain territorial areas.

However, this can also be generated by indoor allergens, such as skins from the house, urine or saliva from animals, dust particles or insects. The symptoms of allergic rhinitis are repeated every year, usually in the same period, depending on the factors that cause it.

Symptoms of allergic rhinitis in children

Constipation is the first sign of allergic rhinitis, followed either by nasal congestion or by the abundance of nasal mucosa. Although these may be the first signs of a cold, when it happens due to irritants such as cigarette smoke or strong smells, changes in temperature or humidity or changing seasons, they can be diagnosed by an allergist.

Allergic rhinitis causes inflammation of the nasal mucosa and increases the sensitivity to volatile inhalants, thus explaining its first symptoms.

Allergic rhinitis often manifests itself in conjunction with allergic conjunctivitis, a medical condition manifested by symptoms such as continuous tears of the eyes, conjunctival irritations, inflammation of the eyelids and redness of the area around the eyes.

This does not affect the eyesight, but the state of discomfort it causes is quite strong. Moreover, in children who already have asthma, allergic rhinitis can worsen the symptoms of this disease.

Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis

In children, skin test is the most common method for allergy detection. It consists in the direct application to the skin of the allergen that causes the allergy and the superficial damage with the help of a sterile needle.

The method is not painful at all, and the children tolerate it very well. However, this is not recommended in cases where patients are prone to anaphylactic shock, an allergic reaction that causes the airway to become inflamed, and patients may lose consciousness and may even cease in a very short time.

For such patients with severe allergic reactions, the blood test is the safest for the detection of allergic rhinitis. Although children accept it more difficult, precisely because of the blood draw, the pain of the sting is bearable.

The results are not immediate, as in the case of the skin test, but it should not last more than a few days until the results of the analyzes can be interpreted by the allergist. In the case of food allergies there is a test, which can reveal the diagnosis by direct exposure to the ingestion of allergens, but it is not available for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis.

Treatment of allergic rhinitis in children and recommendations for parents

Allergic rhinitis is treated with the help of antihistamine drugs. In addition, doctors often prescribe drops or nasal sprays to help clear the area, but also false tears or eye drops, to relieve the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis that often accompanies allergic rhinitis.

Regarding the recommendations, it is advisable to avoid exposure to allergens and, if necessary, isolation during periods when they are difficult to avoid, as is the case of pollen allergies from the beginning of spring.

Also, hygiene is very important. Parents need to make sure the little ones change their clothes when they come from outside and wash their hands and face well with cold soap and water to avoid spreading them.

Prevention measures such as removing dust from the child's room and frequent washing of bed linen are also recommended by doctors.

Tags Allergic rhinitis in children Allergies in summer