Allergies are reactions of the body to the rejection of certain inhaled or ingested substances that pose a threat to the immune system. They often occur in infants and almost always manifest themselves before the age of 4, before the immune and digestive system of the children develop and fully mature.
Allergies can affect the digestive or respiratory system, and their manifestations may include skin reactions, regardless of their origin and nature. Often confused with reactions to viruses or bacteria, allergies do not show all of their symptoms such as fever or seizures that help the body to fight against such pests.
How are baby allergies manifested?
Allergic rhinitis, food allergy and allergic conjunctivitis may manifest symptoms separately or concomitantly. In the case of fan fever, the first alarm signal is repeated sneezing in the presence of certain substances in the atmosphere, such as pollen, dust, fine particles that come off the skin of animals with fur or hair or volatile substances that contain detergents, products personal care and cosmetic or cleaning products.
Nasal congestion or heavy secretion of the nasal mucosa are also specific for allergic rhinitis. The conjunctivitis is manifested by irritation of the ocular conjunctiva and the eyelids, respectively by the latter inflammation, but also by abundant tears.
In the case of food allergies, babies may experience intestinal cramps, sometimes accompanied by a soft chair or vomiting, but also skin inflammation, manifested mainly in the facial area or the extremities of the upper and lower limbs. All these symptoms, regardless of the nature of the allergy, can be accompanied by skin irritations and superficial local inflammation, which not infrequently parents confuse with the signs of baby eczema or dermatitis.
Unlike the body's reactions to viruses and bacteria, allergy symptoms can manifest for longer periods of time and always recur after certain patterns, depending on the allergens that generate these immune system rejection reactions. For example, a pollen allergy will recur every spring or summer, during the flowering of the flowers that trigger the manifestations.
The stranger in the presence of dust and mites or volatile compounds from cosmetics or detergents. The skinned skin of pets is also a favorable factor for allergies, especially since it has been scientifically proven that there are no dogs, cats or hypoallergenic birds.
Food allergies are often caused by substances such as lactose, fruits and vegetables with seeds or oilseeds. Allergic conjunctivitis of babies is most often accompanied by allergic rhinitis.
Allergies can be diagnosed by 3 jellyfish: skin test, blood test and direct exposure. The first method is the least invasive and at the same time best tolerated by babies, but allergists do not use it when the risks of anaphylaxis are high, preferring it instead to laboratory blood tests.
Although these can be painful and their results are only revealed within a few days after harvesting, it is the safest test method for any type of allergy. Direct exposure testing is used to detect food allergies, but it is quite risky for babies because of the increased incidence of anaphylactic shock.
How are baby allergies treated?
While the symptoms of hay fever are ameliorated by the administration of antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drugs, there is no treatment for food allergies. The pains that they cause can be treated temporarily with the help of painkillers, but their effect is temporary and the only solution to eliminate the symptoms is to avoid foods that contain allergens that can trigger them.
Also in the case of allergic rhinitis, the doctors can recommend the use of nasal sprays, for decongestion and fluidization of the mucosa, respectively of the false tears or of the eye drops, meant to reduce the irritations and inflammations of the conjunctiva and the eyelids.
How can baby allergies be prevented? Recommendations for parents
As a rule, children whose parents suffer from allergies are prone to these, even if the substances they react to are different. Moms can use breastfeeding benefits for at least 6 months to strengthen the baby's immune system and avoid feeding them with allergen-containing products, such as dairy products.
At the same time, creating a hypoallergenic environment for the child is very important; In this regard, you must take care not to expose it to dust, cigarette smoke or the presence of pets and maintain proper hygiene throughout the home, insisting on your room.
Tags Allergy prevention Baby allergies Breastfeeding baby allergies