Besides the holidays, excursions and relaxation, summer is also the season with the most accidents and medical problems. Food poisoning is a problem that you must avoid during the hot season, because the severe dehydration that your child's body is subjected to can send him to the hospital.
What are food poisoning
Food poisoning is a medical problem caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Infectious organisms, such as bacteria, viruses and parasites, but also the toxins produced by them are the main causes of food poisoning. Bacteria contaminate food at any time during processing or production.
Contamination can also occur at home, if food is cooked or stored improperly. Symptoms of food poisoning include nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, which can occur within hours of eating contaminated food. Most cases of food poisoning are mild and do not require complicated treatment. But there are cases that require hospitalization.
Symptoms of food poisoning
The symptoms of food poisoning vary depending on the source of contamination. But most types of food poisoning are characterized by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps and abdominal pain or fever. Symptoms may occur immediately after consumption of contaminated foods, after several days and even weeks.
The harm caused by food poisoning lasts between 1 and 10 days.
When to go to the doctor
It is advisable to seek medical advice immediately if symptoms such as frequent episodes of vomiting, bloody vomiting, severe diarrhea lasting more than 3 days, extreme abdominal pain, fever greater than 38 degrees, speech difficulties, dehydration, thirst or muscle weakness.
Causes of food poisoning
Food toxins are caused by the consumption of food contaminated with bacteria and parasites. Incorrect storage and cooking of food, especially meat, results in contamination.
Among the most dangerous bacteria with which food can be contaminated are Campylobacter, E. coli, Giardia, Hepatitis A, listeria, novovirus, salmonella or golden staphylococcus.
Babies and children are the categories of people most affected by such digestive problems. The children's body is very sensitive, and the immune system is not fully developed, so it cannot fight the contaminating factors in the environment. In these circumstances, parents should pay close attention to the foods they offer for consumption to the little ones.
Complications of food poisoning
The most serious complication caused by food poisoning is dehydration. Severe loss of water and minerals is critical to the body. Children in particular are more affected by this problem because their immune system is not sufficiently developed. In some cases, children need hospitalization to receive intravenous fluids.
Food poisoning in summer
During the summer, the risk of food poisoning increases alarmingly, and if you have young children it is very important to prevent this medical problem. Diarrhea, one of the severe symptoms of food poisoning, is critical in children. Thus, in the hot season, more than ever, hygiene is essential.
Kitchen and bath towels need to be constantly clean because they can harbor dangerous bacteria. Also, before eating, teach the children to wash their hands thoroughly with warm water and soap.
To prevent food poisoning in the summer, you also need to be careful about how you store food. Make sure the refrigerator is always cold and there are no leaks. Store the meat on the lower shelves, so that possible leaks of juices do not contaminate other foods from the refrigerator, such as fruits or vegetables.
Eggs should never be consumed in a raw state, so it is advisable to avoid consuming house mayonnaise or other egg products in the summer, which are not cooked properly. This rule should apply to all foods you cook.
Avoid storing or touching raw meat from cooked meat.
Child food should be stored in special containers, away from adult food. When carrying baby food with you, make sure it is well cooked, cooled and then stored cold. Never leave food in the sun and do not give it to children.
Fruits and vegetables should be thoroughly washed before consumption and in some cases even peeled. It offers children only bottled water and avoids cooling their water or tea with ice cubes whose origin is uncertain.
Do not use foods that look or smell weird. The baby's stomach and sensitive body will immediately detect these problems. Also, read the food label well and discard expired products. Even though many of these products can still be consumed even one week after the expiration date, you must pay extra attention to the nutrition of children and protect them from any contamination.
Do not leave the food for more than one hour outside, in the sunlight. Store all food and beverage in the fridge or in dark and cool places, well cleaned. Also, take care of where you do your shopping. You go to places where you know that the products are of quality, made from natural ingredients and that have a clear expiration date.
When you go on vacation, try to eat well-cooked foods, such as soups or hot foods. Avoid fruits, vegetables and other raw foods, as they can be sources of contamination.
It also does not consume water from public places. Always buy bottled water. In addition, it is advisable to keep the child as far away from sweets, especially those sold at stalls, on the street.
Tags Food poisoning Summer food Summer baby food