Stomatitis in children

Stomatitis in children

Stomatitis is caused by a virus, and the disease starts with a fever. After a few days, the bladder appears in the mouth. Later, gray-yellow blisters appear around the lips. The child does not want to eat or drink. The disease passes by itself during 10 to 14 days.

If the child does not want to drink and becomes sleepy and weak, you should call a doctor immediately. Dr. Andra Custura, dentist Andra Smile tells you how to treat stomatitis in the humid.

stomatitis appears especially in children from the age of 2 to 4 years. The disease starts with a fever (38-39ºC). In the course of 1 or 2 days gray-white blisters appear in the mouth. The gums are colored red, swollen and bleed slightly. The vesicles break down rapidly and turn into superficial wounds. After several days, the blisters spread on the lips and on the skin around the mouth. The throat glands are enlarged and inflamed.

Since the wounds in the mouth are missing, the child will often not eat or drink. The fact that he does not want to eat is not very important, but the fluid intake is necessary. If the child does not drink, it will become dehydrated and this can be dangerous.

If the child is dehydrated, he will stop urinating and may become weak and drowsy. It takes about a week before the wounds heal and the baby can start eating and drinking normally again.

Stomatitis is caused by a certain virus - a virus called type 1 herpes. It is the same virus that causes blisters on the lips. The herpes virus cannot be completely eliminated after it has entered the body.

The virus is dormant for most of the time, but is triggered in certain situations - for example, when the body is exposed to cold or sun - and can be quite disturbing. Usually, the child develops stomatitis for the first time when infected with a type 1 herpes virus. The child will develop a lip wound afterwards, when the virus is triggered.

Stomatitis disappears by itself within 1 to 2 weeks.


The child can become infected from the air, through the saliva and also through objects that he has touched, for example, toys.


The child should be kept at home until the temperature is normal, and can participate in his usual activities without extra worry.


The disease is incurable, but there are medicines that can relieve the child's discomfort. For the medication to work, the child must start treatment as soon as possible, but no more than 3 days after the outbreak of the disease. Your family doctor may prescribe the right medicine for you.

If the child does not drink fluids at all, you can try to take paracetamol. Paracetamol relieves pain in the mouth, in half an hour, and after that, you can try to give the baby to drink fluids.

What can be done?

Often, the child will not eat and therefore it is important to provide plenty of fluids to drink. Some kids prefer hot drinks, some cold drinks - you have to get comfortable.

When to contact your doctor?

If your child does not want to drink fluids and has a fever, you can take him to the family doctor the next day. But if signs of dehydration start to appear - the baby stops urinating and feels weak - contact your doctor immediately!

If you are experiencing this disease, Andra Smile's office is open 24 hours a day for emergencies.