Milk is the most important meal of the baby in the first year of life and is just as important in the next few years. Parents often do not know how much milk the baby should drink and are worried that they may not give enough. Young children generally like milk, but some of them do not want to eat any milk, so it is good to know what other foods you can give your little one if he does not like milk.
Children up to 2 years old should not be given low fat or skim milk. They need to drink whole milk in order to grow beautifully. Whole milk has 4% fat, while skimmed milk has between 1 and 2% fat.
Do not give the child skim milk unless he is at least 5 years old. 600 ml of milk a day (about 2 cups half) is enough.
Milk is only part of what the young child eats and drinks, and other foods must be included in his diet. It is important that little ones do not eat much milk and do not eat anything else, which is the cause of different health problems in young children, problems such as anemia, due to iron deficiency.
Why milk is so important for young children
- Milk has a lot of calcium, needed in the development of bones and teeth.
- Calcium is much easier to assimilate into the body from milk than from vegetables.
- Milk is also a rich source of protein.
- Whole milk contains fats, needed for growth and energy sources. Milk also contains vitamins, especially vitamin A and vitamin B complex.
How much calcium do small children need?
- Children up to 5 years need about 700 mg of calcium per day.
- Calcium cannot be produced by the body, so the dairy products that children consume every day are very important.
- Most children under 5 take about 70% of the calcium needed in cow's milk, 20% of dairy products (cheese, yogurt, puddings), and 10% of cereals.
Find out more about the importance of milk for raising a baby in the Milk article, the wonderful food for raising a baby.
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