Phlegmon is an inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, which manifests locally, through edema, collecting and suppurating pus and other fluids. There are several types, but the most common is the postinjectionary buttock. Phlegmon is often a side effect or complication of injections and if left untreated, causes very serious complications, even death. Here's what you need to know about this inflammation!
The causes of phlegmon
There are two types of causes of phlegmon: determinant or favorable.
The main cause of this inflammation is bacterial streptococcal infection, but there are other germs that can trigger the reaction. The infection is most often triggered by injections with improperly sterilized syringes or inadequate care of the injected area.
Increased virulence of the germ, against the background of a weak immune system, severe wounds or failure to comply with the sterilization of medical instruments, are risk factors for the appearance of phlegmon.
Types of phlegmon
There are several anatomical-clinical forms of phlegmon:
- phlegmon fesier;
- phlegmon in the ischi-rectal fossa;
- perinephretic phlegmon;
- phlegmon of the pelvic-subperitoneal space.
Post-injection phlegmon phlegm is the most common and occurs following an injection made in poor sanitary conditions or complications.
Symptoms of phlegmon
Symptoms of phlegmon appear in several stages, which extend over several days.
In the first stage, there is the invasion period, in the form of cellulite. The affected area can feel hot and smooth to the touch, and the surface of the skin gets a reddish appearance, like a slight irritation. These symptoms can also be accompanied by high fever, chills, irritability, vomiting, decreased appetite, etc.
In the following days, the disease enters the phase of acute inflammation. Edema is observed (swelling of the skin in the affected area), possibly accompanied by a strong odor. Phlegmon produces yellow-brown pus, but it does not begin to collect and endure. The general condition is strongly altered.
The suppuration phase is recorded on days 5-6, when the tissue may be necrotic, if no measures are taken to treat inflammation. It is also the abscess phase, when the patients receiving treatment begin to feel better, and those who ignore these symptoms are at risk of suffering from toxic-septic shock and subsequently death.
The complexity of the treatment depends on the stage in which the phlegmon is discovered.
In mild cases, prescribing drugs (broad-spectrum antibiotics, analgesics, antipyretics, etc.) and local therapeutic measures (application of ice to the affected area, wet compresses, etc.) are sufficient to cure phlegmon.
In severe cases, surgery is inevitable, for the removal of possible skin necrosis, drainage of liquids and pus, washing with antiseptic solutions, etc.
Have you ever heard of post-injection phlegm? Tell us more about it and the methods of detection and treatment, in the comment section below!