Spontaneous abortion is most often caused by a genetic defect in the fertilized egg or by an exaggerated response of the mother's immune system, which confuses the developing fetus with a foreign body. Repeated miscarriages may also indicate a chronic condition, such as a progesterone deficiency or a blood clotting problem.
Causes of repeated miscarriages
The specialists identified 6 major causes that lead to spontaneous abortion:
- Anatomical causes - these may include defects of the uterus, short cervix, the presence of a large uterine fibroid or Asherman syndrome (an acquired uterine disorder, characterized by the formation of adhesions or scarring in the uterus);
- Genetic causes - genetic defects of the egg or sperm;
- Blood coagulation disorders;
- High levels of homocysteine - a protein of the amino acids class, which can lead to the formation of clots in the blood;
- Immunological disorders - the mother's immune system attacks the developing fetus or the sperm of the partner;
- Hormonal imbalances - low levels of progesterone, excess estrogen, increased prolactin, metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance, thyroid gland dysfunction or luteal phase defect.
Identifying the cause of miscarriage
There are several tests that help doctors identify the exact cause of recurrent miscarriages:
- hysterosalpingogram: it is a radiological investigation, with the help of which visualize the internal parts of the uterus, the uterine tubes and the surrounding parts. It is done by introducing a contrast substance in the uterus, through a tube inserted through the lower part of the vagina. The test is extremely painful, but conclusive.
- Autoimmune testing: is useful for the detection of antiphospholipid syndrome (SAFL), an autoimmune disorder, clinically characterized by the appearance of venous, arterial and microvascular thrombosis. A percentage of 10% to 25% of women who have had repeated miscarriages suffer from this syndrome. Pregnancy can only be sustained if the pregnant woman is treated with aspirin, in low doses, or makes injections with heparin, to thin the blood.
- Prothrombin time (PT): is a test that determines how quickly blood clots are formed.
- Thyroid panel: is an index of the hormones T4 (thyroxine), T3 (thyroxine converted to the system) and TSH (thyrotropin - thyroid stimulating hormone secreted by pituitary). It is recommended when there is suspicion of hypothyroidism, a thyroid dysfunction commonly associated with pregnancy loss. Women with hypothyroidism have a 4-fold higher risk of miscarriage than the average.
- Determination of progesterone level: Low levels of progesterone often lead to spontaneous abortions. The test is performed between the 21st and the 28th day of the menstrual cycle, depending on its length.
- karyotype: allows to detect genetic defects, by analyzing the chromosomes in the amniotic fluid.
- Fetal tissue testing: it can be done by taking blood samples, amniotic fluid or placental tissue.
5 methods to reduce the risk of miscarriage
Natural therapies and balanced diets are an excellent option to help your body prepare for a pregnancy and be able to support it. However, there are no 100% effective therapies, so cooperation with the obstetrician doctor is essential for a successful pregnancy.
1. Detoxification treatment
The first step you need to do is to prepare your body for a possible pregnancy, with the help of a detoxification treatment. Eliminating old toxins and excess hormones helps your uterus and liver cleanse of any harmful element to pregnancy and baby. Equally, detoxification treatment helps to increase blood flow to the uterus and improves overall tone.
2. Diet rich in nutrients that increase fertility
The foods you eat have a major impact on the health of the eggs and hormonal balance. Adopt a healthy diet, which will strengthen your immune system and thus increase your fertility, at least 90 days before trying to get pregnant. It has been scientifically proven that natural foods maintain placental health and decrease the risk of miscarriage.
3. Dietary supplements based on folic acid and Omega-3
Vitamins, essential fatty acids and certain minerals such as iron and calcium play an essential role in stimulating ovulation, reproductive system health and maintaining hormonal balance.
Prenatal multivitamin supplements, enriched with vitamins B6 and B12, folic acid and Omega-3 help prevent spontaneous abortions. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are responsible for regulating the response to inflammation, improving cell integrity and maintaining hormonal balance - all of which are key factors that help the body prevent a miscarriage.
4. Abdominal massage to treat infertility
The chances of getting pregnant increase when blood flow to the uterus is improved. Reflex therapists believe that by massaging reflexogenic points, the imbalances that affect the pregnancy can be corrected. Specifically, by massaging the nerve centers of the hands and feet, the functions of the affected organs and glands are stimulated, and their recovery is accelerated. In the case of fertility problems, reflex areas are massaged: ovarian, thyroid, pituitary, uterine and lymphatic.
5. Natural preparations that prevent spontaneous abortion
There are several herbs that can prevent spontaneous abortions caused by stress, unbalanced diet, trauma, weakened uterine muscles or low levels of progesterone. These include the honeybee (Vitex Agnus Castus), the Maca root (Lepidium meyenii), the calin or "snow bulgars" (Viburnum opulus) and its relatives, Viburnum prunifolium, the merisor (Mitchella repens) and the oats (Avena sativa).
Equally useful are progesterone-based creams and systemic enzyme therapy. The latter represents a new, promising method of preventing and treating abortions caused by immunological disorders.
Tags Recurrent miscarriage Causes of miscarriage