At least 1 in 6 couples suffer from conditions that lead to infertility. A diagnosis of infertility is given to a couple who have not been successful in their efforts to conceive for a whole year. Female infertility factors contribute to about 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility accounts for only about one third of all infertility cases.
Dr. Silviu Istoc, primary obstetrician-gynecologist, tells you which are the main causes of infertility in women and what you should pay attention to when you want a child.
Ovulation disorders affect the release of eggs from the ovaries. These include hormonal disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome. Hyperprolactinemia, a condition that is manifested by the appearance of too much prolactin - the hormone that stimulates the production of breast milk - can also interfere with ovulation. Either too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or too little (hypothyroidism) can affect the menstrual cycle or cause infertility.
Other root causes may include excessive exercise, eating disorders, injuries, or tumors.
Uterine or cervical abnormalities
Uterine or cervical abnormalities, including abnormalities with cervical opening, uterine polyps or uterus shape. Non-cancerous (benign) tumors in the uterine wall (uterine fibroids) can rarely cause infertility by blocking the fallopian tubes. More often, fibroids interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg.
Damage or blockage of the fallopian tube
Damage or blockage of the fallopian tube is often caused by inflammation of the uterine tube (salpingitis). This can result in an inflammatory pelvic disease, which is usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection, endometriosis or adhesions.
Primary ovarian failure
Primary ovarian failure (early menopause) occurs when the ovaries no longer function and menstruation ends before the age of 40 years. Although the cause is often unknown, certain factors are associated with early menopause, including immune system diseases, certain genetic disorders such as Turner syndrome or Fragil X carriers, radiation or chemotherapy, and smoking.
Pelvic adhesions, bands of scar tissue that connect the organs after a pelvic infection, appendicitis or abdominal or pelvic surgery can greatly reduce the chances of procreation.
In addition to all these primary causes, you must also consider whether you have followed the procedure of chemotherapy and deletion, after being diagnosed with a certain type of cancer. Other conditions such as delayed puberty, absence of menstruation or other autoimmune diseases such as lupus can affect a woman's fertility.
Among the risk factors that also help the onset of infertility are: age, smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight, underweight, hormonal imbalances or sedentary lifestyle.
A healthy lifestyle, accompanied by activities tailored to the needs and abilities of your body is what will help your body fight infertility problems. A specialist doctor will be able to recommend exactly the remedies tailored to your body and will also be able to monitor the onset of certain health problems.
Article written by Dr. Silviu Istoc, chief obstetrician-gynecologist at the Medicover Hospital, within the Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery and at the ProVita Clinic. You can read more details on www.dristoc.rosi on the Facebook page Dr. Silviu Istoc.