In detail

Saint Cuvioasa Parascheva from Iasi, the protector of Moldova

Saint Cuvioasa Parascheva from Iasi, the protector of Moldova

Every year, on October 14, the Orthodox Church everywhere celebrates the Blessed Mother Parascheva. In particular, she is honest in Moldova, because for 350 years her monks are in Iasi.

It is known in the people as "Holy Friday" or "Great Friday". Therefore, it is appropriate for us, the Romanian believers, especially those in Moldova, to know her life and spiritual needs, as well as the circumstances in which her honest graves were brought to Moldova.

From the few news about her life, we find out that this pious Parascheva lived in the first half of the eleventh century. He was born in Epivat (today Boiados) in Thrace, on the shores of the Marmara Sea, near Constantinople (today Istanbul), then the capital of the Byzantine Empire.

Her parents were kind and faithful people, eager for the holy ones. One of her brothers, after learning the book, came to be known as Eftimie; appreciated by the then cremators of the Church, but also by the faithful, he was elected at the appropriate time by the bishop in the town of Madite.

Parascheva spent his childhood in the parents' house under their care. It is said that when he was ten years old he heard the words of the Savior being read in a church: "Anyone who wants to come after me, deny himself, take up his cross and follow Me (Mark 8, 34) ". These words impressed her so much that she divided all the clothes of the poor.

The same thing she did in other circumstances, regardless of her parents' contempt.
After several years, he left his parents and the "beauty of this world", retiring "into the depths of the desert." He stopped first in Constantinople, where he listened to words of teaching from monks and nuns with the chosen spiritual life. Following their advice, he left the capital, heading to the land of the Pont, stopping at the Monastery of Our Lady of Heracles, where he remained for five years. From here he left for the Holy Land, in the desire to spend the rest of his life in the places that the Savior Jesus Christ and the Holy Apostles crossed.

After seeing Jerusalem, he settled in a monastery in the desert of the Jordan, where he needed fasting and prayer, just as St. John the Baptist, Mary the Egyptian, or so many other supporters to the spiritual.

Metropolitan Varlaam of Moldova in his Cazania, printed in Iasi in 1643, says that he no longer cared "for clothes and bedding, nor for food and meals, nor for house or servants, but only for the cleansing of the soul and for the answer. to the county (judgments, nn) ​​what will be ".

She "sighed and ceaselessly longed for how she would beautify her soul, how she would betray herself to the heavenly Bridegroom, to Jesus Christ, how to indulge at the sight of the Bridegroom or, by glory and light and happy joy. his eyes were dark with tears. "

One night, however, when he was about 25 years old, an angel told him, in a dream, to return to the parental places: "To leave the desert and to your estate to return, that there you have to leave the body of the earth and to pass from this world to God, whom you loved. " And Metropolitan Varlaam continues in Cazania that she "unintentionally left the desert and returned to the world and to Tarigrad (Constantinople, nn) ​​to come. And always in the church of Precistus, which is in Vlaherna and to the icon of His Holiness, she prayed with tears. So he said, "I have no hope, I have no other cover. You will be my righteous, you will be useful to me. Until I walked in the wilderness I had help, and now if I returned in the world, direct me to the end of my life, as I have no other hope. "

From Constantinople he went to Epivat, the place where he had seen the light of day, without telling anyone who he is and where he comes from. "There - continues Metropolitan Varlaam - strives for pain and pain for pain, adds, with fasting and sleep he beautifies himself ..., tears tears the wet earth and so he prays: Lord Jesus Christ, seek from Your holy home; I have left all; and after You, I have traveled all my life.

And now, be merciful to the Lord, tell the gentle angel to take my soul in peace. "Reconciled with himself, with people and with God, he thus gave his soul.
She was buried like a stranger, nobody knowing who she was. But God, desiring to glorify her, discovered in a wonderful way who the stranger was. It is said that a sailor died on a ship, and his body was thrown into the sea. The waves threw him to the shore, and a Jesuit who lived there, asked some Christians to bury him after the Christian order.

So digging a pit, "finds out the body of the Cuvioasei Parascheva impotent and full of fragrance". However, they placed with her the body of the ship. But the following night, one of the Christians who had dug the grave, by the name of Gheorghe, was shown in a dream to an empress, sitting on a lighted chair surrounded by angels, and one of them rebuked him for not removing the body of Cuvioasa Parascheva. And the empress she had seen in a dream and who was none other than Cuvioasa Parascheva - commanded her to take away her body and place it somewhere in honor. That same night, a believer by the name of Eftimia had the same vision.

The believers from there, hearing of the dream of the two, understood that it is a divine sign, that they took the body of Cuvioasa from the tomb and placed it in the church of the Holy Apostles in Epivat. Immediately there were wonderful healings following the prayers that were made near his honors.

It is said that the Christian believers in Epivat built a church just where her parents lived and where she saw the light of day.
What happened to her honest honors after they were discovered by divine appearance? They stayed in the church of the Holy Apostles in Epivat about two hundred years, working many signs and wonders around them.

The news of this spread throughout the Balkan Peninsula and in Asia Minor, so that many Greek, Bulgarian and Wallachian believers from these places were heading to Epivat to worship her honors and ask them to intercede in front of the heavenly throne for them. . The political events that took place in the following centuries caused her monasteries to be displaced in several places. In the second half of the fourteenth century, Patriarch Eftimie of Tarnova - it seems a valah - wrote his life again. But at that time the Turks entered Europe. In such dramatic circumstances for Christians, the nuns of Cuvioasa Parascheva were moved to Belgrade. After 120 years, they experienced the last relocation, this time to the Romanian soil.

In 1641, after the benevolent Lord Vasile Lupu of Moldova paid all the debts of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, its then-ruler, Patriarch Partenie I said the Elder (1639-1644), together with the members of the Synod, decided to offer them , in gratitude, the ruins of Cuvioasa Parascheva. The scrape with the honors was transported with a ship on the Black Sea, accompanied by three Greek metropolitans.

Arriving in Galati, then in Iasi, they were greeted by Vasile Voda Lupu, the Metropolitan Varlaam and the bishops of Roman and Husi, clergy and believers. On June 13, 1641, the honored monks were placed in the wonderful church of the monastery "Holy Three Hierarchs", the foundation of the ruler. But on the evening of December 26, 1888, after the service of the Vespers, a candle was lit by the candlestick beside the wooden rack in which the honored moors were placed; over night the candle burned, and the fire spread to the catapult on which the scraper was seated, burning hot all night, being transformed into a pile of jars. The next morning, state and church authorities, priests and believers found that the honored remains remained untouched, yet a miracle accomplished through the power of God. Raised from the tomb, the monks of Cuvioasa were provisionally housed in the altar of the paraclis from the monastery of the Holy Three Hierarchs and soon relocated to the new metropolitan cathedral in Iasi, which had been consecrated shortly before, on April 23, 1887. Here today, being honored by the obstinacy of Moldovan believers, who ask them to intercede for them before the heavenly throne, being considered a true protector of Moldova.

Indeed, Cuvioasa Parascheva has been honored in our Church for centuries. Since the end of the 14th century, there is a church with the dedication of Prea Cuvioasa Parascheva in Rasinari, near Sibiu, and in 1408 we found out about the existence of a church with the dedication of Saint Friday in the "Roman Fair". Many other churches in Moldova or other parts of Romania have the same dedication. Her face or scenes from her life are painted in different Romanian churches. Christian believers everywhere worship her both through their participation in the services on October 14 of each year, and those in Iasi and the surrounding area by worshiping her honorable nuns, asking for her protection and help.

As such, let us honor it and ask it: "To you the glittering hope, of many diseases and dangers this country has raged, alleviating and pretending the righteous anger that has been upon us from God, in good and merciful mercy, through your prayers; but now, by terrifying our great misfortunes, we weep with tears, to help us to escape from danger and sing to God: Alleluia. " (From the Acuvist of Cuvioasei, Condacul 3).

(Prof. Prof. Dr. Mircea Pacurariu
"Holy Dacians and Romanians")