Children can get hurt quite easily, being at the age when their curiosity encourages them to have activities that can hurt them. There is no child in the world who has not even had a scratch, a bump or a bruise, some even more serious injuries. Small incidents that the little ones can choose with a wound can happen anytime, so it is good for any mother to be prepared, to know some measures of first aid for children, so he knows what to do.
Any mother in the world is a mountain of patience and takes great care of her baby, is a good cook, counselor, trainer, even medical assistant, in situations where her baby is hurt. No matter how careful you are, it is only enough to turn your back for only a few seconds, and then see your baby bleeding, with his hand on the stove or with a wrist that swells in front of your eyes.
It is very possible that all the emergency situations that involve the little one are minor, but there can be many bigger problems, times when you have to keep your blood cold, know what to do while waiting for the ambulance. Because in case of serious injuries, the child must go to the hospital.
Find out what are the first steps you should take if the child gets injured!
First aid for children: what to do in case of a head injury
The child can hit the head after a fall, if he gets out of bed, if he runs through the house and gets hit by a piece of furniture. After such a stroke, check the child immediately. If there are no bleeding, the most likely blow is not one that would endanger his life. A bump will appear, which passes in a few days even a week. Put an ice bag on the affected area.
It is a case of worrying if bleeding, vomiting, confusion, speech and vision disorders, drowsiness, difficulty walking, fainting, if the baby can tell you his head hurts. You must call 112 immediately.
If he fell on his head and you think he has problems with his neck, if he has weakness or tingling in his arms, call immediately to the emergency and do not move, so as not to hurt him even more. If the baby has seizures or vomits, try to hold him in one side, as stable as possible, to keep his neck and head until the ambulance arrives.
If the child is bleeding, do not try to clean his wound, you can just apply a sterile compress on it.
First aid in case of severe allergic reaction
The young ones can often have mild allergic reactions to a food, following the insect bites, allergies that pass the administration of antihistamines. But some children may suffer severe allergic reactions, in which case you must be prepared. Such a reaction can be recognized by symptoms such as heavy breathing, wheezing, coughing, dizziness, vomiting, abdominal cramps. Go urgently with the little one to the doctor!
In the case of anaphylactic shock, which is manifested by narrowing the airways, dizziness, loss of consciousness, decreased blood pressure, the only effective treatment is injection with epinephrine, so you should call 112 as soon as possible.
First aid for children in case of sprains and fractures
A sprain or fracture is very painful for the little one, which is why the baby will cry a lot. The affected place can be bruised or swollen, the child abnormally moves the affected limb or cannot move that part of the body. Both in the case of sprains and fractures, the child needs medical help. Until you get to a hospital, however, you must take care to immobilize the affected member.
If the area bleeds, then a sterile compress, which helps stop the bleeding, should be applied. In the case of sprains, ice is applied to the affected area, because it prevents the appearance of swelling.
First aid in case of cut
If your baby has been cut, keep calm and do not make the mistake of leaving the wound uncovered, hoping it will heal sooner, as there is an increased risk of infection. You must put on a sterile compress, until the bleeding stops, then disinfect the area with rivanol or betadine. Then the place must be bandaged to prevent infection.
If the wound is deep, go with the child to the hospital, because the bone may be affected. For example, in the case of the fingers, the tendon may be touched by the metal object in which the small one was cut.
First aid for the child in case of burns
The skin of children is much more sensitive than that of adults, so they can burn much easier, either from a fire source or from hot liquids. The child should be removed immediately from the source that caused the burn, remove the clothing, if applicable.
Burns on very small areas of skin, considered grade I burns are not serious and can be cured at home, without the need for medical intervention. Cold water is applied to the affected area, because cold water is the best soothing agent for burns. Do not put alcohol or other ointments on the affected place because of the burn, as this can aggravate it.
In the case of more severe burns, higher than the first degree, it is necessary for the child to be consulted by the doctor. Even in the case of minor burns, if you see that they do not heal or worsen, go with your child to a medical office.
First aid for the child in case of poisoning
Symptoms differ depending on the source of poisoning, and may be burns in the sky, dizziness, dizziness, vomiting, nausea, confusion, insomnia. The little one can swallow drugs, cleaning products, cosmetics, alcoholic beverages or insecticides. Go immediately with the child to the nearest hospital or call 112. No accidental poisoning should be treated at home, calling at different cures. If the child has come in contact with poisonous substances you must remove the contaminated clothes with the substance, then take them showered.
At the hospital it is good to go with the container from which the child swallowed (it is important to identify the substance and how much it consumed), so that he knows what treatment to give to the child.
Tags Accidents for children Children for head injuries Children allergic reactions Burns for children