Women who smoke will expect to become pregnant more than those who do not smoke. The reason is that in addition to the vascular impairment that decreases the chances of ovulation implantation in the uterus, smoking decreases and the level of the sex hormone needed to produce ovulation. Thus, in smokers, the chances of conceiving a child decrease by 10-40%. The more cigarettes you smoke, the more you expect a woman to become pregnant. The most important problem, however, is that the mother's habit of smoking affects the baby both during the intrauterine life and after birth. Children born from smoking mothers have an average weight of 200 - 300 g less than those born from non-smoking mothers.In fact, the more a woman smokes more cigarettes, the less her baby will have a lower birth weight.
Recent research has shown that cigarettes decrease the amount of blood in the placenta, which reduces the amount of nutrients that reach the fetus and constricting the uterus causes hypoxia. It is also known that carbon monoxide affects the transfer of oxygen through the placenta. The low birth weight is associated with an increased risk of mortality or disease in the first years of life. In this situation, the negative consequences for the girls are especially recorded in the pregnant women who continue to smoke during the last three months of pregnancy. The rate of miscarriage is substantially higher in women who smoke. Smoking can also contribute to the inadequate production of breast milk. Both milk volume and fat concentration are lower in non-smokers. This is because nicotine reduces the production of prolactin, which in turn is vital for initiating and maintaining breast milk levels.
Read the whole article in: Freedom
April 12, 2007