Diversification of solid foods

Diversification of solid foods

Doctors recommend that you feed your child only with breast milk for up to 6 months. After 6 months, your milk is no longer sufficient because it no longer provides your child with all the nutrients (especially iron) he needs.

If you wait 6 months to introduce solid food into your child's diet, you will minimize the risk of adverse reactions to food and allergies.
This is especially important if you have a history of allergies in your family because if you delay the delivery, you expose your child to a higher risk of food allergies and celiac disease.
If you decide to introduce solid food before 6 months, there are a number of foods to avoid, such as those containing gluten, eggs, cheese, fish.
It is best to consult the doctor before changing something in the baby's diet.
Is my child ready for solid eating?
Your child is probably ready for this change if:

  • can raise his head: It is important to be able to maintain a straight position to eat with the spoon;
  • looks good when it is held: You may need to support it at first - and later, when you can stand alone, you can use a high chair;
  • make chewing moves: Now you should be able to move the food to the back of the mouth to swallow.

  • As you learn to swallow better, you will notice less and less saliva flowing from your mouth. At 6 months it is possible to have one or two teeth;
  • has a healthy weight: Most children are prepared to eat semi-solid food when they double their weight at birth, which happens around the 6th month;
  • develop a curiosity for what you eat: Your child begins to look at your food and tries to take it to your mouth;

  • How should I start introducing a mixed diet?
    Give your child a daily serving of breast milk or powder. When eating almost as much as you need, give it two teaspoons of cereal mixed with breast milk or powder.
    Doctors usually recommend rice-based cereals enriched with iron for starters. Do this once a day and then continue to feed him milk.
    Thus, when it is neither too hungry nor too village, you will realize if it tolerates solid food well.
    At first you will eat quite a bit, but you have to be patient because it is new to him. When the child starts eating two or three tablespoons of cereal a day, try adding other foods.
    When it starts to chew better, add less liquid so that the solution becomes thicker. In this way, he will practice his chewing and swallowing skills.
    Your child's appetite will vary from one meal to another, so be careful when eating enough. When he refuses to open his mouth and is no longer attentive to food, it is clear that he no longer wants to eat.

    Solid foods and infants

    Do I still have to breastfeed?
    Yes. Breast milk is the perfect meal for your baby in the first 6 months. Both breast milk and powdered milk provide an important intake of vitamins, iron and protein in an easily digestible form.
    Although solid food will gradually replace some of the milk, breast milk and milk powder will remain the most important source of nutrition for up to a year.
    How can I help my child have a healthy diet?
    You can learn to eat healthy by following a few simple rules:
  • offer him a variety of foods;
  • don't try to give them too much to eat - they may develop an aversion to certain foods;
  • offer a wide range of foods that contain protein and carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables;
  • do not use food as a bribe or reward. Instead, offer them many hugs, kisses and little attentions.

  • How to introduce other solid foods?
    New foods must be introduced slowly, one by one. Your child needs time to get used to the new textures and tastes.
    You also have to be very careful as you introduce new foods that may cause signs of allergic reactions, such as diarrhea, sore throat and sneezing.
    Try to introduce new food every few days, starting with fruits and vegetables, which are easier to digest.
    Start by giving your child a few teaspoons of fruit or vegetables along with cereals. Some good foods you can start with are: ripe apples made of mashed potatoes, bananas, carrots, peaches, pears, sweet potatoes, parsnips and cauliflower.
    Try to get an aqueous consistency by adding water or boiled and chilled or breast milk or powder.
    If your child has a negative reaction to a particular type of food, offer it again a few days later.
    At first it will clog up many foods, but continue to offer them in the hope that they will find it more attractive along the way.

    Combining solid foods with breast milk

    How many times a day can he eat solid foods?
    Around 7 months, you will consume semi-solid foods 3 times a day. Per day, you will eat approximately:
  • breast milk and iron powdered milk. You can also give them small quantities (one cup) of unsweetened juice diluted well with boiled and cool water (one tenth of juice, 9 tenths of water);
  • cereals based on iron;
  • many vegetables;
  • small quantities of meat (chicken, fish), yogurt, hard boiled eggs, well-fried egg;
  • fruit;

  • Special recommendations:
  • do not give your child honey until the age of one year because it increases the risk of botulism;
  • Depending on your diet, your child may need vitamins. Contact the doctor for a correct dose.

  • Between 7 and 9 months, you can increase the thickness of the food and offer it crushed food. During this period your child is ready for his first dishes.
    Some foods you can give the dishes are: bread, ripe bananas, melons, very soft carrots, sweet potatoes, breakfast cereals (avoid those that contain peanuts if there are allergies in the family) and pasta in various forms . Never leave it alone when eating because it can drown.
    Where should I feed my child?
    As soon as he can stand alone, you can place him in a high chair. If you are in an uncomfortable position when chewing there is a risk of drowning. In addition, if it associates food with the state at the table, it forms a good habit.
    Note: When you introduce solid food into your child's diet, you will notice that their seats change their color and smell. This is normal, but if you notice that you are in pain or that the chairs are too strong, contact your doctor.
    Alina Sica