Environmental factors can cause infertility in both women and men. When it comes to exposure to toxins and chemicals, the place where you live or work directly influences the amount you are exposed to. From stress, passive smoking, pollution, climate, chemicals, radiation and even the electromagnetic emissions of some technological devices, all these can affect the fertility of the couple.
Toxins / pesticides and risks in preconception
The fertility of those exposed to certain toxic components from the environment during the preconception period is endangered.
The researchers observed that exposure of women to certain substances called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) before conception and during breastfeeding, greatly reduces the number of women's eggs, in some cases even 2/3 of them.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are known as carcinogens and are some of the most dangerous organic pollutants. These are found in cigarette smoke, stove smoke, smoked foods and exhaust smoke. Although the anti-smoking message is clear, the study highlights other environmental factors that could influence fertility.
The aromatic hydrocarbons accumulated in the mother's body, in the level of adipose tissue and breasts before pregnancy can affect the health of the future baby, by eliminating them via the bloodstream through the placenta.
Although young people and women who have not thought about conception are affected by environmental toxins and are indifferent, they must understand that they will not only affect them, but also the fertility of future children.
Reducing the number of eggs can lead to premature menopause, which not only limits the chances of conception, but also increases the risk of osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, heart attack and depression.
Ovarian dysfunctions can be caused by radiation from chemotherapy, X-rays from radiographs or other medical sources.
Exposure to pesticides containing DBCP is considered not only to decrease the function of the ovaries, but can also cause miscarriage in pregnant women. Also, nematocide DBCP, as well as other herbicides and toxins used especially in agriculture, induce sterility of both sexes and cause premature menopause in women. Exposure to herbicides or fungicides used in agriculture can lead to congenital malformations in the fetus.
Exhaust gases contain certain toxins, which in combination with lead, have been shown to reduce the production of ovarian follicles.
Ethylene oxide used in pesticides and sterilization of surgical instruments can cause miscarriage or birth defects.
Another pesticide is also Chlorpyrifos. Exposure to it increases the level of autoimmune antibodies, which can attack both sperm and ova, reducing the chances of conception. Specialists claim that in 33% of women who could not carry out a term pregnancy, such antibodies were discovered following investigations and no autoimmune antibodies to those who were born at term.
Exposure to chemical solvents such as acetone, xylene or trichlorethylene increases the chances of miscarriage.
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is an additive found in foods that mimics estrogen (also called environmental estrogens). They disrupt the body's metabolism and hormone production, which could lead to fertility problems.
Like BHA, PVC is also an environmental estrogen and is found in many products that we use. It has the same effect of hormonal disorder that affects fertility.
Exposure to lead and motor vapors can lead to pregnancy loss, infertility and developmental problems in the fetus.
Tags Infertility Fertility