Oana Soroaga, a clinical psychologist, often uses this method in therapeutic practice and offers to explain it to all specialists and parents interested in child psychotherapy.
Claunterapia is a complementary method in psychotherapy, being a borrowed technique from the theater. It is carried out on several developmental plans: object manipulation, physical balance, bodily, facial and verbal expression. These are aimed at establishing, restoring, maintaining and enriching the relationships of the individual in his globality with himself, with another, with the environment. The clown translates into a bodily state, all he expresses is what he feels.
"Doing the clown" in psychotherapy. ... is this really serious? The clown is an extravagant, strange, hilarious, grotesque character ... His distorted image at the same time gives permissiveness and protection of the expression for the subject in the scene play. This is why he can be a very rich support in psychotherapy. It allows an active exploration of the body on several levels: the makeup and the transformation of the body shapes through different disguises, the expression of the imaginary through different emotions that represent the matter of the game of the clown.
The manipulation of objects involves a series of individual activities with balls, diabolo, scarves, plates spread on sticks, toys of different sizes and shapes. To learn how to manipulate these objects, children participate in different games, contests and use what they have learned in small shows. Thus everyone has the opportunity to perceive, know and use their own body in relation to the others, within the game, these activities contributing at the same time to the development of motor coordination, certain movements less practiced by children with neuro-locomotor handicap.
The clown game also requires the image of the body and the body diagram in a particular way, these identifying the persons and may contribute to their integration.
The stakes of the game are the clown there are multiple. This game demands the creativity of the subject, trains his personality entirely by the fact that the character can live in real, symbolic and imaginary plane. The clown, more than a character, is a state of mind, a "game" that allows me to express myself. One of the prerequisites of the game within the claustrotherapy is the unconditional acceptance of the others, their values and their way of expression. However, in order to be able to play with the others, the child must relate to the personalities, values, ways of expressing others and try to understand them. By doing all this, each child gets to trust others, to feel secure, while having the opportunity to explore their own universe, unmoved by critical external appreciation.
The success of a show consists in the extent to which each child has succeeded in harmoniously incorporating what he has learned in the other objects of the claustrotherapy, combined with his own personality in the character created by him, and then on this character in the subject of the show, in relation to the other characters. taken together and each individually. In fact, the success of the show corresponds to the success of the therapy, on all its plans.
The final applause represents the recognition of the victory over one's own objects, body and fears.