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Otitis - ear infections in children. 9 ways to reduce the risk of their occurrence

Otitis - ear infections in children. 9 ways to reduce the risk of their occurrence

Children, especially around the age of 2-3 years, get sick with otitis, which is one of the most common diseases specific to this age. By the age of 7, one third of children had at least one episode of otitis.

Children who go to kindergarten, those who frequently breed, those who suffer from allergies, those who deviate from the septum are more prone to ear infection. Also, otitis is much more common in the summer, when the little ones spend their time in the pool, swimming or swimming. The pathogenic bacteria enter with the water in the ear and irritate the skin and affect the ear canal.

How is otitis in children manifested?

Otitis is manifested by pain or discomfort in the ear, fever, general malaise, nausea, inflammation of the ear. Some children may even have fluid leaking from their ear. Parents should present with the child to the pediatrician, being the one able to diagnose and establish treatment. Treatment is recommended depending on the age of the child, medical history (whether or not he has had otitis), severity of the disease.

Otitis it should not be left untreated because complications such as facial paralysis, meningitis, mastoiditis can occur and can even lead to hearing loss.

Most middle ear infections are caused by either viruses (in about 40% of cases) or bacteria. In many children, the disease occurs when they breed because viruses and bacteria pass from the throat to the ear, through the Eustachio tube (a channel that connects the throat and the nasal passages and the middle ear).

Unfortunately, the means of prevention of this disease are not so well known, so it is important that parents know what they can do so that the little ones do not become ill.

Methods by which you can reduce the risk of otitis occurrence

1. Diagnosis and control of allergies

One factor that can contribute to the appearance of otitis is allergies. It can be both allergic rhinitis and food allergies that babies can develop. Once you have found out that your baby has the symptoms of an allergy, you should go to the doctor to identify the cause of the allergy, as well as the treatment method, so that the allergic reactions are kept under control.

2. The child should not be exposed to cigarette smoke

Cigarette smoke is a factor that leads to irritation of the respiratory tract, increasing the risk of infections. Not only is the risk of otitis more increased, but the manifestations of the disease will also be more severe in children who have been exposed to cigarette smoke. Therefore, it does not keep the child in rooms where there is cigarette smoke and does not expose him to passive smoking.

3. Breastfeeding until the baby is six months old

We know how important it is to breastfeed your child until he or she is at least six months old, so that he or she can grow healthy and harmonious. One of the biggest benefits of breast milk is that it helps strengthen the immune system.

Breast milk contains antibodies that help the baby fight viruses and bacteria, so breastfeeding decreases the risk of the baby developing upper and lower respiratory tract infections, as well as in the stomach.

Breast-fed children have a 63% lower risk of developing an ear infection as opposed to those who have not been breastfed, according to a study conducted at the University of Minnesota in the United States.

4. Avoid travel by plane in case the child is cool

During air travel there are fluctuations in atmospheric pressure, especially during take-off and landing, which can affect the ear. If your child is chilled, it is better to avoid a trip by plane, in order not to favor the appearance of otitis. It is important to know that flying by plane is not recommended if your baby suffers from an episode of otitis.

5. Immunization of the child

Administration of a pneumococcal vaccine considerably reduces the risk of otitis. Also, this vaccine offers protection against other pneumococcal conditions, namely: pneumonia, meningitis, sinusitis, sepsis, so it is important for parents to immunize their children.

6. Colds should not be ignored

When the child is chilled, it is important that he or she is seen by a doctor to determine what treatment is needed. Parents should not give children 'ear treatments' because they can do more harm than good. There are situations in which both colds, polyps or sinusitis treated improperly or left untreated can favor the appearance of an infection of the middle ear.

7. The child must wear appropriate clothing

An effective method of prevention is the adaptation of the child's clothing style to the outside temperatures, without exaggeration. Children should not be dressed too thick when it is cold outside, they should not be weaned, because this is favored by excessive perspiration and the child can cool much easier.

8. Care for ear hygiene

The way in which the ear is cleaned can have an influence in terms of favoring the episodes of otitis. Excessive hygiene can influence the natural processes of the body, which can be harmful to the sensitive ear of a child.

It is recommended to use cautious ear chops, superficially, because anyway the ear has its own self-cleaning system. It is also important to remove excess water from the ears after a bath. Teach the child to bend his head to one side and the other so that the water in the ears can be removed.

9. Feeding the children should be done in the proper position

In young children, Eustachio's canal is shorter than in adults, which means that if the little ones sit on their backs and drink water or milk, the fluid may leak into Eustachio's tube, leading to inflammation.

The child should be in the correct position when fed, to reduce the risk that the fluid will enter Eustachio's tube. If the baby is fed to the bottle, it should be kept at about 45 degrees from the horizontal position. Thus, the risk of otitis occurrence is reduced.

Tags Otita Otita children Ear infections Children prevention ear infections children