Ear infection is a very common condition in babies and tends to develop as a result of colds or sinus infections. It is very important that ear infections be treated as soon as they can temporarily affect the hearing and delay the development of the baby.
Infants develop these infections more easily because, in their case, Eustachio's tube is short and placed horizontally, which facilitates the penetration of bacteria in the nose and pharynx in the middle ear. As the child gets older, the length of the trumpet triples and changes its position becoming vertical, so that the fluid can drain better.
When the baby is placed horizontally, the pressure in the middle ear increases and the pain increases.
How do you realize that your baby is suffering from an ear infection
Because the baby cannot communicate verbally what he or she feels, it is important to pay attention to each gesture of his or her general condition. You can realize that there is a possibility of an ear infection after:
• The state of continuous agitation and dissatisfaction.
• The unstoppable cry.
• Increased body temperature.
• The appearance of a red area or swelling behind the ear.
• Diarrhea - the virus that causes ear infection can also affect the gastrointestinal tract causing diarrhea.
• Reduction of appetite. Affecting the gastrointestinal tract can make it difficult to chew and swallow food. Therefore, the baby may reject the breast or bottle after the first swallows.
• Flowing a yellow-white fluid from the ear, which is a sure sign of infection and can also signal a small crack in the eardrum. The crack will heal itself, as soon as the infection passes.
• The fact that the baby pulls the ears, hits them, or often carries a hand in their area, which could be a sign of pain.
If these movements are not accompanied by other symptoms, it may be normal, because it is his way of exploring his body.
What is the cause of ear infections?
Ear infections occur when the fluid and bacteria are stored near the baby's eardrum. Normally, any fluid that reaches this area of the ear is eliminated quite quickly through Eustachio's tube (which connects the middle ear, nose and pharynx), but if the tube is blocked, this is common during colds, infections sinuses or even seasonal allergies, the fluid remains in the middle ear.
Bacteria are treated with antibiotics, but the fluid can be absorbed by the body harder. Therefore, the longer the fluid stays in the ear, the more likely it is that the infection will reappear, because of the space conducive to the development of bacteria.
Prevention of ear infection in children
Studies have shown that babies who are breastfed for the first six months of life develop much less ear infections, so here's another proof that breastfeeding is healthy for both mother and baby at the same time!
Contact with other children in the communities implies the exposure to a much larger number of microbes and thus to favor the emergence of an ear infection. You can try to prevent this condition:
• Make all baby vaccinations on time. These are intended to prevent certain conditions that can degenerate into ear infections.
• Breastfeed your baby for at least the first six months. Studies have shown that babies who are breastfed for at least the first six months of life are less exposed to the risk of developing ear infections. The risk increases by 70% for children fed with milk powder. It seems that through the breast milk certain antibodies are transmitted to the baby.
• Avoid staying with your child in the areas where they smoke Even just a weekend spent with a baby in a house with a smoker can hurt him and increase the risk of an ear infection. It seems that cigarette smoke makes the immune system's action difficult, making it harder for the baby's body to fight the infection.
• Make sure that when bathing your baby, water does not enter his ears. After each bath carefully wipe the baby's ears with hygienic chops.
Because ear infections and tonsillitis have the effect of aggravating the taste sensation and increasing the preference for fatty foods, children suffering from these conditions are prone to obesity, according to a study published by the American press.
Administration of Paracetamol may reduce pain until the child reaches the doctor. The child can rest better if he holds his head in a high position when he sleeps with his head on the shoulder of the mother or father.
It is important to consult the doctor because the behavior from the appearance of the tooth and the one from the ear pain are similar. Amoxicillin is most often used as a recommendation from a pediatrician. Administration of Paracetamol and otic drops may reduce pain until the infection begins to recede.
Some bacteria have become resistant to Amoxicillin over time. If the condition of the child does not seem to improve, another antibiotic will have to be used. However, most of the time the fever disappears, and the child's mood and appetite improve 36-48 hours after the start of treatment. After completion of treatment, many doctors prefer to re-examine the baby to make sure the infection has been eliminated.
If after a few days of treatment you do not notice any changes in the health of your little one, go back to the doctor. There may be a need for a change in treatment.
What moms say about ear infections in babies
Moms say that in some cases, the treatment was not good and that the babies were left with ear sensitivity over time.
To a mother the doctor prescribed for her little girl who had an inflammation of the inner ear, similar to otitis, an ear solution, two drops a day for seven days, and then to go to the ENT to wash her wax.