Pregnancy involves weight gain of a few pounds. These are divided between the weight of the fetus and the slightly increased weight of your body itself, which must ensure all conditions for a healthy baby.
This means that the weight will be distributed to the organs directly involved in the development of the fetus (uterus, placenta, amniotic fluid, etc.), to those who will support the subsequent breastfeeding (breasts, fat layer) and to the body of the fetus.
Normal weight before and during pregnancy
For a woman who is not pregnant, the normal weight is by decreasing the height (in the number of centimeters) of the number 110. For example, if you are 170 cm high, the normal weight is 60 kg.
But the size of the breasts or the seat should also be taken into account. If they are bulky, you should not worry if the weight is slightly larger than normal.
During pregnancy, weight gain is gradual, slower at the beginning and faster in the last trimester. Normally, the pregnancy should weigh between 0.9 kg and 1.8 kg in the first three months of pregnancy and then between 1.3 kg and 1.8 kg per month for the rest of the pregnancy period.
The Institute of Medicine recommends that women who have a low Body Mass Index (BMI - weight to height ratio) should gain between 13 and 18 kg in weight. A big difference between weight and height, however, requires a weight gain between 7 and 11 kg. However, you should also discuss this with your doctor.
The weight gained includes the weight of the fetus, somewhere between 2.7 and 3.6 kg. The rest of the weight gained consists in the increased volume of body fluids, breast enlargement and uterus, amniotic fluid and placenta.
How to divide the weight in the pregnancy
The total weight added should be between 11 and 14 kg, thus decreasing the risk of bringing a baby underweight. For an average height of 170 cm and a related weight of 60 kg, the total weight added to the load should be 13.5 kg.
Thus, only the pregnant woman should weigh 8.5 kg, and the pregnancy weight should be distributed as follows:
• The uterus - 1 kilogram;
• Boilers - 450 grams;
• Blood - 1.4 kilograms;
• Water - 1.9 kilograms;
• Fat - 3.7 kilograms;
The weight that goes to the fetal area and the baby's body in case of pregnancy 170 cm high and 60 kg before birth is about 5 kg and should be distributed as follows:
• The fetus - 3.4 kg;
• Placenta - 700 grams;
• Amniotic fluid - 900 grams;
From the first weeks of pregnancy, the body begins to accumulate and store proteins, fats and mineral salts. These substances have the role of helping to develop the tissues and organs of the fetus and to prepare the breasts for breastfeeding.
Weight before and after pregnancy
Pre-conception nutrition is as important a factor for pregnancy as it is for pregnancy. This is why a balanced diet is needed to provide the necessary nutrients for the pregnant and the developing baby.
The body of the pregnancy makes carbohydrate deposits to a lesser extent. Thus, these foods high in calories (bread, cereals) should not be missing from the daily diet.
Two weeks after the birth, the mother can lose up to 5.5 kg of weight. Through a diet that is suitable for the mother and the fresh mother, in 3-4 months you can regain your weight before birth.
The excess fat is lost faster if the mother breastfeeds, because fat reserves are consumed in the process of milk production, which contains the fat essential for the development of the baby's brain.