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Scoliosis in children

Scoliosis in children

The spine, in fact the back, is the one that supports the entire weight of the upper body. It is the one that allows the child to walk, run or play sports. If you carefully examine the back of the child you will notice that it is not perfectly flat, smooth, but that it has curves in both the neck area and the lower back. But the column should be right in the middle area of ​​the back. If you suffer from deformities there is a risk of scoliosis.

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a common condition among school children. It refers to the deformations of the column. When the spine (thoracic level - middle back or lumbar level - lower back area) is curved and takes the form of the letter S or C, a child is said to be suffering from scoliosis.

However, not all column defects or deformations are considered to be so. Mild column deflections do not fall into this category. The curves of the spine must be more than 10 degrees to fit into this type of condition.

Scoliosis in children

Doctors claim that scoliosis in children occurs mainly in the first years of school and is the result of an incorrect position in the bank. The most common age for children with scoliosis is between 9 and 11 years.

What are the causes of scoliosis in children?

Although the incorrect position of the child causes the formation of curvature and spinal deformity, the specialists consider that in some cases of severe scoliosis, genetic factors responsible for its appearance are involved. However, the main causes can be:

  • congenital anomalies;

  • severe trauma;

  • infections;

  • inequality of the legs;

  • acute appendicitis.

How does it manifest?

In children, and in general, scoliosis is difficult to detect with the naked eye. In severe cases, however, it can be easily observed. When the child stands as a curvature it is obvious. Also in such cases, children may experience pain and discomfort in the back. Otherwise, there are other signs that indicate that the child may suffer from this condition:

  • the different position of the shoulders and hips (one above the other);

  • ribs higher in one part.

  • waist line more flat on one side.

In other words, in a child with scoliosis, a part of the body can be seen to the right or to the left. Children can easily notice this when trying on clothes. Usually, in the case of pants it is observed that one leg is slightly shorter and the other slightly longer.

Common types of scoliosis in children

There are 2 main types of scoliosis common in children:

  • structured (the presence of a curved curve);

  • unstructured (which does not have a curved curvature and is easily corrected).

How is it corrected?

If you notice that your baby is suspected of scoliosis, go to an orthopedic doctor. It will investigate the baby's condition and measure the degree of curvature. If it is less than 25 degrees, then there will be no specific treatment. The child will only be monitored closely.

If the curvature exceeds 25 degrees, then the doctor will require wearing an orthosis, ie a support corset. It will prevent scoliosis from deepening.

If doctors find severe cases of scoliosis with a degree of curvature of more than 50, then they will use the surgical method to correct the problem.