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HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)

HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)

HPV is a virus that affects both women and men. It is the cause of genital warts and that causes one of the most gruesome forms of cancer - cervical or cervical.

What is HPV?

Human papilloma virus or HPV is the name given to a virus that includes over 100 different strains. More than 40 of them infect the genital area of ​​people, including skin on the surface of the penis, vulva or anus, as well as the vagina, cervix and rectum.

Some of these types are considered high-risk viruses. Some of them result in the Pap smear test with abnormal results and can lead to cervical, genital, anal cancer.

Others are considered low risk and create abnormalities at genital level and do not pose such big problems. They even disappear by themselves in time, without any treatment.

How is the human papilloma virus transmitted?

The HPV virus is transmitted mainly through unprotected sexual contact. Most infected people do not show symptoms of the infection, so they do not know that they have the virus, and can easily transmit it to partners with whom they have unprotected sexual contacts.

If a pregnant woman is infected with HPV, there is a very small chance that the virus will be transmitted to the fetus at vaginal birth.

What are the symptoms of HPV infection?

Most infected people are asymptomatic. But some may find genital warts or precancerous abnormalities in the cervix, anus or penis.

Genital warts, one of the most common signs of HPV infection, are usually small, smooth, swollen pinks on the skin, prominent or not, which sometimes have the shape of a cauliflower or mole. After contracting the virus, they can appear after weeks, months or even not at all.

What are the implications of HPV on health?

Most HPV infections are asymptomatic and are "cleansed" by people's immune systems. They disappear in time without causing any problems to their health and do not require treatment. Determines the appearance of common warts, plantaritis and in rare cases of genital warts, which are not cancerous.

Nearly 10% of women develop severe HPV infections, with high risk. The most serious problem that can arise from infections is cervical or cervical cancer. Also, cancers of the vagina, penis, anus or vulva are complications that can arise from contracting the human papilloma virus.

How to diagnose HPV infection?

Warts or genital warts in men and women are diagnosed by a simple, observational examination.

Most women are diagnosed with HPV following the Pap smear test. There is also a test, rarely performed by doctors and under special conditions, that detects the DNA of human papilloma virus. It helps doctors establish an appropriate treatment formula.

There are no tests for HPV virus in men, which is why they are considered the main channel of transmission of the virus.

Is there a treatment for HPV?

There is no particular treatment to treat HPV infection, especially as most forms of it disappear by themselves without any intervention. Almost 90% of women who contract the virus become immune to it in 2 years. However, there is a chance that the virus will remain in a latent state in the body and be reactivated later on the basis of medical features or other risk factors.

Rather it can be said that there are treatments for the diseases that HPV causes in the body: warts or genital warts, cervical cell changes and cancer. However, even removing the warts from the vultures does not completely eliminate the risk of their recurrence. If left untreated, they can disappear by themselves, remain unchanged or multiply.

Most cancers caused by HPV can be treated if diagnosed in the early stage.

Tags Hpv Cervical cancer Hpv transmission Pap test