In artificial insemination, sperm are placed inside the reproductive tract by methods other than sexual contact. If for some reason the male partner has problems with ejaculation during sexual intercourse, artificial insemination may be helpful in having a pregnancy. There are currently 4 types of artificial insemination:
If you and your partner want to do fertility treatment, you may want to try artificial insemination. This can help you increase your chances of conception, as it helps you to place sperm directly inside the reproductive tract. A lesser-known artificial insemination technique, called intra-tubular insemination, places sperm directly inside the uterus, where they can fertilize the egg. Although this procedure is rarely performed, it may be an option worth considering if you are considering artificial insemination.
Artificial insemination is a class of fertility treatments used to help couples improve their chances of conceiving.
ITI is the least frequent type of artificial insemination. This is because it is more invasive than other types of artificial insemination and is associated with much higher costs. ITI is currently performed by placing the sperm of your partner or of a donor directly into the uterus. Here, sperm have a better chance of fertilizing the egg and producing pregnancy.
ITI is not for all people who have difficulty fertilizing. It is best suited for couples who have had difficulty conceiving using other types of artificial insemination such as IUI. Women who have cervical mucus that impede conception can also choose this procedure. ITI is sometimes used even in the case of:
How to do it
Like other types of artificial insemination, ITI should be performed in such a way as to coincide with the time of ovulation. You will perform urine and blood tests to measure the amount of luteinizing hormone in the body. When this hormone reaches a peak, the procedure will be performed on the first or the next day.
Intra-tubular insemination procedures
There are currently two main types of ITI. Depending on your existing fertility problems and preferences, you can choose one of these methods.
Intrafalopian insemination (IFI) is a fairly invasive procedure, which should be performed in the fertility clinic. It is performed by an endocrinologist who specializes in reproduction:
SIFT is a much more invasive and time-consuming procedure that needs to be done in the fertility clinic or in a hospital. It involves the use of laparoscopic surgery to insert a catheter into the uterine tube:
There have been some debates about how effective ITI is today. ITI seems to offer a success rate similar to that of IUI - usually between 5% and 30% per cycle. However, some fertility specialists claim that this procedure is much more successful. More research is needed to confirm the current success rate.
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