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Uterine prolapse

Uterine prolapse

The uterine prolapse is the slip or fall of the uterus from the normal position in the pelvic cavity in the vaginal canal. This occurs when local muscle weakness or rupture of the tissues supporting the uterus occurs. Pregnancy, menopause, active births or obesity are most often the main causes of local muscle relaxation.

What are the causes?

The uterus is maintained in the normal position of muscles, ligaments and other tissues. The uterus falls or prolapses in the vaginal canal when the muscles and tests that support it weaken and give way.

The problem frequently occurs in women who have at least one active birth. Also, the pregnancy in which the fetus is very heavy can cause the development of uterine prolapse.

Decreased estrogen levels after menopause, as well as aging, are other potential causes.

Chronic cough and obesity increase the pressure in the pelvis and help trigger the prolapse.

Lifting heavy weights can weaken your pelvic muscle tone over time.

In very rare cases, slipping of the uterus may also be caused by the appearance of a pelvic tumor.

What are the symptoms?

  • the feeling of sitting on a ball when sitting in a sitting position;

  • frequent urination or sudden need to clear the bladder;

  • pain during sexual intercourse;

  • low back pain;

  • repeated bladder infections;

  • protrusions of the uterus and cervix noticeable by vaginal opening;

  • feeling of weight or pulling in the pelvis;

  • abnormal vaginal bleeding;

  • significant increase of vaginal secretions.

Many of these symptoms are exacerbated when you are standing or sitting for long periods of time.

How is the diagnosis made?

If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, it is best to go to your gynecologist. He will perform a pelvic exam that will identify and diagnose uterine prolapse, if applicable.

It is possible that after detecting the problem by physical examination, the doctor will also perform an ultrasound or MRI examination to see what the degree of the disease is.

What is the treatment for uterine prolapse?

Treatment is not necessary in the absence of symptomatology. but only if these are distressing. Prolapse can be treated with vaginal pain (ring) or surgery.

The vaginal weighing device is a device made of rubber or plastic material, with a donkey-like shape that is inserted into the vagina to fix the position of the uterus.

Doctors resort to surgery to treat uterine prolapse only if the symptoms of the condition worsen and become risky to women's health. Some interventions end by completely removing the uterus, while others focus on repositioning it in the uterine cavity.

Can complications arise from uterine prolapse?

In severe cases ulceration and cervical infections may occur.

Also, urinary tract infections may be more frequent and in some cases constipation or hemorrhoids may occur.

Tags Health women