Atopic dermatitis in babies
Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a common skin condition of infants and is associated with portions of dry and itchy skin. Most children scratch constantly in the affected areas, sometimes causing bleeding. It often appears on skin protections that are often stretched (elbows or knees). It is a chronic disease and there is no cure to completely cure it.
What are the causes of atopic dermatitis?
Eczema is not a contagious or infectious disease, but if your baby gets very scratchy, there is a risk of bacterial infection and infection. The most common causes and risk factors that lead to its appearance are:
irritants such as hot water, flax, feathers, acidic foods, medicines;
allergens - food (cow's milk, eggs, wheat, soy, nuts, fish, strawberries, etc.), metals, airborne (pollen, house dust, etc.);
perspiration - physical exertion, fever;
exposure to chemicals and toxic substances (smoking, soap, detergents, cleaning products, etc.);
climatic factors - cold, low humidity, high temperatures.
Babies who have family allergies (food or non-food) or who have been affected by eczema when they were small are most likely to develop atopic dermatitis.
Children with asthma are also more likely to develop the disease.
What are the signs and symptoms?
Atopic dermatitis in babies usually starts somewhere between 6-12 weeks. The areas most affected by this disease are, in general:
the back of the knees;
The first area affected in a baby is in most cases the face, especially the cheeks area:
swelling (papules) pinkish-pinkish, scaly, thickened and slightly enlarged (proturve);
in the case of infections, crusts may appear;
there is inflammation of the areas, skin drying and peeling;
in babies the symptoms can appear even on the scalp.
How is atopic dermatitis treated?
This is a chronic, hereditary disease that cannot be completely cured. But this does not mean that your little one will live with your skin irritations all your life. With the help of specific treatments the symptoms can be successfully managed under control. But eczema requires long-term care. Symptoms are usually treated with:
- topical steroid creams or ointments (applied to the affected areas);
- oral antihistamines;
- antibiotics (if there are infected areas);
- daily hot water bath;
- avoiding soaps and other classic skincare products (purchasing body creams, soaps and other products specially designed for sensitive skin).
Tags Baby atopic dermatitis Atopic dermatitis Baby skin conditions