Breast nodules (breast nodules)

Breast nodules (breast nodules)

Breast nodules are characterized by swelling of the breast caused by a clumping or enlargement of breast tissue. They are tumor formations or masses, but they do not necessarily mean they are a sign of breast cancer. There are several confusions about them.

It is important to know that not every breast nodule means breast cancer. Nearly 80-85% of breast nodules are benign, non-cancerous, especially in women under 40 years of age. The risk increases as you get older.

What are the causes of breast nodules?

A breast nodule can occur for several reasons:

  • breast cancer;

  • breast cyst;

  • breast fibroadenoma;

  • breast fibrochist;

  • severe breast injury;

  • intraductal papilloma;

  • mastitis;

  • galactocele (cyst caused by lactating milk).

Some nodules depend on the age of each person. These can occur even in newborns or babies due to the hormonal fluctuations of the mother. But they disappear by themselves.

Around the age of puberty or even at the beginning of it, the hormonal changes that the girls go through predispose them to the appearance of these formations. But, as with infants, the nodules that appear during this period disappear by themselves within 4-6 months, until the menstrual cycle and associated hormonal changes are regulated.

What are the symptoms?

Their symptoms depend very much on the cause underlying the appearance of the nodules. Signs that may suggest that breast nodules are cancerous are:

  • the painful, strong, firm knot;

  • the knot at the level of the axilla;

  • swelling of the arm;

  • visible changes in breast size (very large asymmetry);

  • changing the appearance of the nipple - inflammation, pain, swelling, itching;

  • nipple secretion - blood or yellow fluid;

  • changes in the skin - an aspect of the orange peel, redness, inflammation;

  • blood vessels easily visible on the surface of the skin.

What should you do if you find a breast lump?

If you find a lump after self-examination or breast self-examination, go to your family doctor urgently. It will recommend you carry out investigations to detect the nature of the nodule - benign or malignant. Remember, the longer a malignant node is detected, the greater the chances of healing.

  • MRI imaging (MRI);

  • mammography;

  • ultrasound;

  • breast biopsy.

It is also important to check if:

  • you are over 25 years old and you do not know how to do breast autopalparation correctly;

  • you are 35 years old or older and have a medical history with breast cancer (especially 1st degree relatives, ie mother or daughter);

  • if you are over 40 and have never had a mammogram.

Treatment of nodules depends on the underlying cause of his appearance.

Tags Breast Cancer Mammography Breast Autopalpation