Scarlatina is a contagious infection that can cause problems in pregnancy. It is caused by a streptococcus and is a more widespread disease among children. It manifests through an infection and irritation in the neck and if left untreated it is deadly. Pregnant women are rarely exposed to this condition, but they need to know how to avoid infection, what to watch out for and what to do if exposed.
What are the causes of scarlet fever in pregnancy?
Scarlatina is a contagious disease caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus. It is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or through contact with personal or hygiene products. It is less dangerous in adults than in children.
Scarlet fever and pregnancy
Pregnant women are advised to stay away from people infected with this bacterium. The specialists argue that there is no evidence to prove that if a pregnant woman becomes scarlet disease, there is a danger of transmitting the infection to the fetus during pregnancy or at birth.
The biggest concern regarding a pregnant scarlet fever is the very high fever that it could make. Fever during pregnancy presents a lot of dangers to the baby. It is mainly related to certain congenital malformations that the baby may suffer at birth.
Other risks that may occur may be rheumatic fever, streptococcal septicemia, blood infection (bacteremia) or nephropathy, but these are very rare complications.
How is scarlet fever treated?
Immediate treatment of scarlet fever helps prevent the complications and risks of this infection.
Although scarlet fever was once considered an extremely serious and often fatal disease, with the invention of the antibiotic, this disease can be successfully treated without any repercussions for the health of the pregnant woman.
The treatment for this condition therefore consists in the administration of antibiotics. It is necessary to go to the doctor urgently if you know that you have come in contact with a suspected or diagnosed person with scarlet fever or if you notice any symptoms. Only your doctor can establish an appropriate treatment schedule, given that many antibiotics are not allowed in pregnancy, and others present many risks. He will give you an appropriate treatment based on the medical features and will choose the most appropriate antibiotics from the list of those allowed in pregnancy.
What are the symptoms?
Many of the symptoms of scarlet fever resemble those of strep throat infection or a cold:
- swelling of the lymph nodes;
- sore throat;
- difficulty swallowing (swallowing);
- high fever;
- nausea etc.
A particular sign of scarlet fever is the luminous, red-strawberry appearance of the tongue, accompanied by a whitish layer on the lower part of the tongue, neck and uvula. The cheeks can be reddened, leaving a blotchy color, which resembles a "white mustache" around the mouth. There may also be a reddish rash on the skin, especially on the upper body.
Tags Scarlatina Pregnancy infections