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Pain during sexual intercourse (Dyspareunia)

Pain during sexual intercourse (Dyspareunia)

Disappearance is characterized by abnormal pain felt during sexual intercourse. It may occur due to genital disorders, psychophysiological dysfunctions during sexual contact, forced penetration or insufficient vaginal lubrication.

In general, the disappearance occurs at the beginning of sexual contact, at the time of penetration. But several types of disappearance can be distinguished. It is not considered a disease, but rather a symptom of an underlying disease.

What are the causes?

Disappearance can occur in both men and women. The causes are specific to each sex.

The main causes of disappearance in women are:

  • vaginismus;
  • insufficient lubrication (vaginal dryness)
  • scars from episiotomy
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • endometriosis
  • varicose veins in the pelvic area;
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • ovarian Cysts
  • sexually transmitted diseases (STDs);
  • cancer (in the genital organs or in the pelvic area);
  • arthritis;
  • menopause (changes of this period - thinning and drying of vaginal tissues);
  • allergies (to spermicides, condoms, diaphragms, etc.).

The main causes of disappearance in men are:

  • irritation of the skin of the penis (caused by an allergic reaction);
  • physical anomalies of the penis;
  • infections of the prostate or testicles etc.

Types of disappearance

  • superficial - at the beginning of penetration;
  • deep - pain when complete penetration;
  • primary - at the beginning of sexual life;
  • secondary - it only appears sometimes, most of the sexual contacts being painless.

What are the symptoms?

The symptom is mainly characterized by pain or discomfort. This can be mild, bearable or severe and can be felt:

  • in the genital area;
  • in the pelvic region;
  • in the lumbar area.

Symptoms may also include burning, stinging or sharp pain or acute discomfort. The discomfort can be felt also in the pelvic area or at the level of the reproductive organs, this appearing only after a deep penetration.

How is it treated?

If you are constantly experiencing pain at the time of intercourse it is absolutely necessary to go to the gynecologist. It is important to investigate and treat the problem, because it can be a cause of infertility.

The treatment aims to cure the condition that underlies the onset of pain. The treatment schedule is established by the doctor according to the cause of the symptom.

In the case of infections, doctors may recommend (antibiotic) medicines, where appropriate.

If you have allergies to one of the methods of vaginal lubrication or a contraceptive method, your doctor may present some contraceptive alternatives and other lubrication methods.

The introduction of a graduated set of dilators into the vagina can be helpful in treating vaginismus.

Surgical treatment is used only to remove local cysts or abscesses or to repair an anatomical abnormality.

Your doctor may recommend the use of a regimen to relieve pain.

Also, if there are no physical ailments that cause pain, you may be advised to go to psychological counseling. Sometimes, they appear on a psychic background and require therapeutic guidance in order to be overcome.

Tags Sex life Couple sex