At each age your little one is subjected less to common ailments or risks that you need to know how to control. From allergies to food, to fever and to first aid in case of need, here is a guide with useful information for your child's health. Be informed and ready to face any medical situation!
Sudden death syndrome in infants
From the first weeks of life you must carefully monitor the health of the little one. This syndrome is considered the first cause of death in the world in infants between 1 and 2 months. Although it is not known exactly what determines it, it is good to be informed about some measures to minimize the risk to your child:
- have him sleep only on his back;
- arrange a crib as safe as possible (the mattress should be firm and there should be no pillows, extra blankets or extra beds in the crib);
- does not ask him to sleep with you in bed;
- reduce as much as you can passive smoking in baby;
- puts in the topic all the people who still care about babies regarding these measures (nanny, grandparents, relatives, etc.)
Not every type of fever should be treated. Sometimes, this appears as a natural reaction of the body when dealing with an infection. As long as the child eats, sleeps, drinks and plays, it is not necessary to give him anti-fever drugs, but only to treat the infection. The temperature at which you need to go urgently to the doctor with your baby depends on the age and the symptoms he manifested:
- if it has 3 months and a rectal temperature of 37.8 degrees C;
- if it is between 3 and 6 months and a temperature of 38.3 degrees C or higher;
- if he is over 6 months old;
- a fever measuring 39.4 degrees C;
The most effective ways to take the baby's temperature are oral and rectal (the rectal measures the most accurate temperature), and the recommended drugs for reducing fever in children are acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
Obesity (eating habits and physical movement)
Obesity is one of the biggest current risks in children. Therefore, it is good to consider some essential things to help the little one avoid this extremely serious illness:
- babies who are breast-fed have a lower risk of becoming obese in childhood;
- follow carefully the excessive weight gain since he was very young - it was found that the little ones who became more fat than they should in the first 4 months of life, became obese by the age of 7;
- constantly monitor its weight and make sure it is within normal parameters;
- eliminates or limits fatty foods from the child's menu;
- limits his time on TV or computer and encourages him to move;
- limits the consumption of juices (even natural); give them snacks for healthy snacks made from fruits and vegetables;
- limits the consumption of sticks, puffs and biscuits.
Natural treatments for minor accidents cuts and scratches:
- cleans well with simple water and dries the area slightly;
- to stop the bleeding apply a continuous pressure with a towel for several minutes;
- apply an antibacterial ointment on the wound and bandage;
- insect bite - reduce skin irritation with soothing or antihistamine oral or topical lotions (with local application);
- burns - soothe it with a jet of cold water (not ice), dry the area and then bandage; wasp sting - remove the needle (if left there); wash the area well to remove the venom and allow cold water to flow over the area if it starts to swell;
- for itching or irritation, use an antihistamine or a hydrocortisone cream;
Emotional states in children.
How do you realize that it is more than a bad disposition?
Anxiety disorders (obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, etc.) - symptoms such as isolation, excessive concern for certain daily events, failure to go to parties or to play with friends.
depression - 6% of children suffer from this condition and are characterized by: apathy, lethargy, sadness, irritability, social isolation, problems at school, exhaustion, lack of concentration, frequent headaches and stomach pain.
autism - The first signs are speech delay, incorrect use of language, inability to communicate non-verbally, lack of social interaction, obsessions of daily activities.
ADHD - lack of focus and attention, inability to stay in one place even for a short time or inability to control their impulses; low school performance etc.
Exposure to cigarette smoke can slow development and cause behavioral problems in children. Try to stop smoking or at least smoke as far away from the room and the location where the baby is.
It can cause neurological degeneration, learning deficiencies and even the death of the child if constantly exposed. Wash your baby's hands frequently and test your home to find if there are high levels of lead (especially if you move into a very old house).
It causes lung problems because they are inhaled through the children's airways. The most common reactions are infections and respiratory problems. Clean the house with mold protection products.
Tags Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Children Fever Food Allergies Children Obesity Children Speech Disorders Adhd Children Autism Children Depression Children Passive Smoking Children