Does sport affect fertility?

Does sport affect fertility?

Sport has so many benefits for our health, it was even praised and it would help the conception. There were rumors that highlighted a connection between excessive sport and the inability of women, but also men to conceive children. Is fertility threatened by sport?

Women's sport and fertility

There seems to be a relationship between physical activity and fertility in women. Sport can affect their fertility in several ways. In some cases, it could lead to infertility. In most cases, physical exercise is an integral part of a routine that promotes healthy living. But when the sport goes to extremes, fertility can be affected.

When you do too much sports you risk losing too much body fat. It plays an essential role in the production of estrogen in the body. Without sufficient estrogen, a woman who puts in excessive physical effort cannot ovulate. When ovulation is absent, it is called anovulation and is one of the main causes of fertility in women. It is generally about athletes or those who practice performance sports or are passionate about sports and practice it in excess and without limits (daily, several hours).

Also, excessive sport leads to another series of hormonal and menstrual cycle imbalances that make it difficult to calculate and detect ovulation, if it occurs, and therefore conception. If women are too weak, that is, they have an acute lack of body fat, then the woman may have a condition that prevents the hypothalamus from releasing human chorionic gonadotrophy.

If we look at the problem from an opposite angle, then you have to know that lack of sports can affect women's infertility. They risk becoming overweight or obese, problems that also hinder conception. Because an obese woman has too much fat in the body, she will produce too much estrogen.

Excess estrogen can negatively affect ovulation and conception. Overweight can cause insulin resistance, which can ultimately prevent you from ovulating. If there is no ovulation, there is no chance of conception!

Sport and fertility of men

Excessive sport does not pose many problems for men's fertility. In particular, certain sports (such as cycling) can affect men's ability to make children. However, men trying to improve their sports performance with anabolic steroids may have problems in this regard.

The best known is androstenedione, one of the steroids considered natural. They are easily found in specialty shops or in those that promote natural food. Their effect may be to increase muscle mass, but it can shrink the testicles, decrease the amount of sperm, and cause serious liver disease or even heart attack.

Specialists warn especially about the decrease in the quantity of ejaculated sperm, which also diminishes the chances of conception. Excessive sports decrease testosterone levels and this is why the amount of sperm decreases. As in the case of women, in this case the lack of sports can lead to infertility problems.

Obesity in men has been associated with infertility, but the causes or the links between them have not been found exactly. However, experts argue that the explanation would be that obese men fail to penetrate deep enough to fertilize the egg.

In both cases it is important to remember that sport is important in health and fertility, as long as it is done in moderation. If he is integrated into a healthy lifestyle and does not become obsessed with it, you are out of danger. The specialists claim that doing 30 minutes training 3-4 times a week would increase the fertility of both sexes.

Tags Fertility Fertility women Fertility men Obesity