Information

Speleotherapy for children

Speleotherapy for children

Question:

- I have a 9-month-old girl and I would like to ask you if there is any risk to bring her to the saline praid. The little girl always cools down and runs her nose. I would ask you if I can take it and how much can I keep there in the salt mine?

Answer:

Speleotherapy (the use of salt mines for therapeutic purposes) is used for the beneficial effects in the broncho-obstructive syndrome and the restoration of the tone of the neuro-vegetative system.

Speleotherapy (the use of salt mines for therapeutic purposes) is used for the beneficial effects in the broncho-obstructive syndrome and the restoration of the tone of the neuro-vegetative system.
These therapeutic effects are due to the saline microclimate, which is characterized by certain physico-chemical parameters:

  • lack of allergens and irritant inhaler pollutants
  • constant air temperature (15-16 C °)
  • relative humidity of the air 59-60%
  • low speed air currents, being practically insensible and resulting in a comfortable climate
  • increased CO2 concentration that stimulates breathing
  • low ozone concentration decreases bronchial muscle spasm
  • low air pH having bacteriostatic effect
  • increased radioactivity increases the elimination of bacteria and pneumonia from the airways
  • the partial pressure of the oxygen greater than the surface
  • high NaCl concentration being rich in natural aerosols with sodium, with decongestant role of the airway mucosa.
    The conditions in which speleotherapy is beneficial are:
  • bronchial asthma
  • chronic bronchitis
  • chronic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis
  • obstructive pulmonary emphysema
  • silicoza, bisinose
  • bronchiectasis (without hemoptysis)
  • repeated respiratory infections (angina, pharyngitis, tracheo-bronchitis, pneumonia, rhinoadenoiditis repeated in the background).
    Like any treatment, it also has some contraindications:
  • pulmonary tuberculosis, pulmonary mycosis
  • bronchopulmonary cancer
  • infectious diseases, acute respiratory infections, status asthmaticus
  • cardio-vascular diseases (HTA stage III, decompensated chronic ischemic heart disease, recent myocardial infarction, angina pectoris with frequent seizures, chronically decompensated pulmonary heart)
  • Disease Basedow
  • advanced pregnancy
  • epilepsy or other neurological conditions that can cause loss of consciousness
  • claustrophobia.
    Therefore, to follow this type of therapy, there is a need for a recommendation from the family doctor to include: the diagnosis of respiratory disease and possibly other associated diagnoses, the treatments currently administered and the results of investigations that certify the health and the fact that the patient has no infectious or contagious diseases that contravene the therapy.
    Based on this recommendation the specialist in balneophysiotherapy (usually at each treatment base there is a doctor) will decide the number of sessions and the duration of each session, for each individual patient.
    In general, Praid saline therapy is recommended for the age group 2-60 years; children under 2 years of age and those over 60 years of age, will be admitted to the saline only with the approval of the doctor from the treatment base.
    Alina Pop-Began
    - Resident physician - Anesthesia and Intensive Care -
    Specialist details