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Stem cells in the treatment of congenital malformations

Stem cells in the treatment of congenital malformations

Question:

- Hello! I would like to know if stem cells taken at birth from a healthy child can be used to treat congenital malformations in another child, but with the same father. Thank you!

Answer:

Stem cells harvested from the umbilical cord of a healthy child, harvesting that is performed at birth presents at the time of harvesting markers ("characteristics") specific to each individual.

Stem cells harvested from the umbilical cord of a healthy child, harvesting that is performed at birth presents at the time of harvesting markers ("characteristics") specific to each individual.
Of course, being relatives of the first degree, there is the possibility that the markers of one child will be similar to the markers of the other, but this is not a rule, even in the situation in which they have the same father.
Stem cells are embryonic cells that have the ability to multiply and transform (differentiate) into a certain type of adult cells, each type of differentiated cell having specific roles in the body, thus representing an alternative to the current classic organ transplant. .


In the umbilical blood are embryonic cells capable of transforming into almost any human cell, yet there are certain limits to this procedure.
Even though theoretically these cells can be kept alive for decades, being stored in liquid nitrogen steam at a temperature well below zero degrees Celsius; the technique of revitalizing them after a period of more than 5 years has not yet been proven, this also happening due to the fact that these techniques have appeared and developed recently, the experience being not decisive in this regard.
However, the list of diseases that can be treated with their help includes a large range of diseases, from leukemia and various cancers to congenital diseases, the list that increases with each day.
In conclusion, to be able to determine the usefulness of these cells if it will be necessary to use them in favor of the stem cell donor brother, it will be necessary to perform histocompatibility tests between the two brothers.
Alina Pop-Began
- Resident doctor - Anesthesia and Intensive Care-
Specialist details


Tags Newborn Malformations Congenital Fat Defects Stem Cells