Kindergarten is a long educational journey, sprinkled with many new hop and experiences for the child, but it is also very interesting and adventurous. Even if you enter the kindergarten with a commendable bag of skills and skills, at the end of the years spent in this institution, the little one should tick off some important acquisitions in its development. These will help him to do better at school.
Kindergarten is an important stage in the childhood of any child. Even if in some areas the enrollment of the child in kindergarten is optional, the specialists argue that no preschooler should be deprived of the chance to develop in such an environment. According to studies, children who go to kindergarten have better results in teaching, finish at least one college and seem to be successful people, with high incomes and professional results.
The child who goes to kindergarten has a lower risk of being involved in risky behaviors in adolescence or adulthood than other children. Kindergarten is the first organized environment that contributes to the education and discipline of the child, which parents should take advantage of.
Social and emotional skills
To be a successful student in school, but also to succeed in life, the child must have a rich social and emotional development. Nowadays, psychologists have observed that parents place more emphasis on the physical or intellectual development of the child than on the emotional or social development.
However, emotional development is the basis of learning social or cognitive skills. Before entering school and learning well or receiving good grades, the child must learn:
- to express their emotions or feelings;
- to control their impulses;
- to know how to listen;
- to follow simple instructions;
- to share toys and things, etc.
All of these are part of the emotional and social development of the child and are essential to the way they evolve in school and into adulthood. Rich emotional development contributes to the active social life of the child.
Until the social skills are acquired, the child must gain self-confidence and develop self-esteem, learn to be patient and cooperate with others. Kindergarten is the environment in which social skills are best shaped and develops easily, due to interactions with other children and the support of the educator.
The child is not only educated and cognitively stimulated in kindergarten, but also disciplined. From the interaction with the other children and the advice he receives from the educators, the preschooler learns a lot of good manners and rules of good behavior.
Kindergarten is an active environment, in which the motor skills (both fine and coarse) develop naturally and interactively. The physical activities, sports and play hours of the children in kindergarten contribute to the improvement of some motor skills and to the maintenance of the small ones.
The child is stimulated and learns in kindergarten:
- to run;
- to go in a straight line;
- to descend the stairs;
- to throw the ball;
- to touch two fingers between them;
- to stand in one foot more than 5 seconds;
- to clap or clap;
- make simple puzzles;
- to hold the pencil or pen correctly in the handle;
- to hold in scissors handle;
- to close the zipper;
- to dress or undress alone;
- cut or cut paper shapes, etc.
Cognitive or intellectual abilities
Many studies have shown that brain development in the early years of life is essential for maturity. The baby's brain develops most in the first years of life. The instructional-educational program of any kindergarten is designed to stimulate intellectual and cognitive development.
From the cognitive development at this age, basic skills such as:
- the read;
- arithmetic (simple calculations).
But the kindergarten encourages other important skills in the intellectual process:
- finding creative or own solutions to different problems;
- stimulating curiosity by encouraging new experiences and questions;
- stimulation of language and speech for the association and description of objects, feelings, etc.
The cognitive skills acquired in kindergarten have an important impact on the way the child will handle the school and its academic performance. Kindergartens develop, above all, thinking. The child becomes aware and understands the spatial notions - up-down, inside-out, front-back, above-below, etc.
The abstract concepts of full and empty, much and little, the notion of time, the opposition day-night begin to be understood by the child, at preschool age, when he goes to grades.
Also in kindergarten, the child manages to write the first letter or the first word on paper, with a pencil. It is the environment in which you learn to hold the pen correctly in your hand and thus lay the foundations for writing. The child learns the colors, counting, numbering and identifying the sizes and shapes of the objects.
Even if at the time of enrollment in kindergarten, your child speaks little, at the end of the years spent in this institution he should acquire some important language and communication skills:
- complete utterance of one's first and last name;
- remembering and saying correctly the names of others;
- enumeration of figures;
- forming sentences from 6-8 words;
- ability to complete sentences or sentences missing a word;
- learning the age and date of birth;
- address memorization, etc.
From the age of 5 anisors, the child should speak correctly and have no pronunciation problems. If you do not understand what the words say and say the wrong words, you should go with him to the speech therapist.
When entering first grade, the child who went to kindergarten already has the main skills of writing and reading, has a well-developed vocabulary and even a rich general culture.
What do you think there are other skills or acquisitions that the child acquires until the end of kindergarten? Tell us your opinions in the comments section below!
Tags Acquisitions kindergarten children Kindergarten children Emotional development children Social development children Physical development children Intellectual development children