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Cold or flu: nutrition and treatment

Cold or flu: nutrition and treatment

Since the onset of the first symptoms (clogged nose, headache, fever, sore throat) you can take measures to reduce the discomfort caused by these manifestations. Do not self-administer medications, especially antibiotics, unless recommended by the doctor, if he or she finds that there is an infection. Otherwise, antibiotics not only have no effect on viruses that cause gout and flu, but they can lead to decreased immunity of the body. The doctor can tell you, in the most common situations, only drugs with antiviral effect.

Since the onset of the first symptoms (clogged nose, headache, fever, sore throat) you can take measures to reduce the discomfort caused by these manifestations. Do not self-administer medications, especially antibiotics, unless recommended by the doctor, if he or she finds that there is an infection. Otherwise, antibiotics not only have no effect on viruses that cause gout and flu, but they can lead to decreased immunity of the body. The doctor can tell you, in the most common situations, only drugs with antiviral effect.
Get enough rest (sleep at least 7-8 hours a night) to help your body recover. In the case of influenza, it is often necessary to rest in bed for at least 2-3 days.

Avoid intense physical exertion and do not expose to cold, current or moisture (the body is already weak and complications can occur) and drink plenty of liquids (teas, soups, freshly squeezed fruit juices) to prevent dehydration. It is not necessary to dress very thick.
Garlic should not be missing from the daily diet. It contains over twenty antiviral and antibacterial substances. Garlic is the most powerful natural flu known. Garlic consumption is recommended after the main meals. To prevent the disease, chew half a clove of garlic in the morning, at lunch and in the evening. As a cold treatment, crush four to five cloves of garlic, mix with 10 teaspoons of honey and take one teaspoon of this preparation half a half an hour.
The same antiviral and antimicrobial properties have the onion due to allicin.
If you have a temperature, you feel chills, your nose begins to run and your sore throat appears, hot baths are recommended to stop the disease in its early stages. Fill the bath with hot water at 37 ° C and stay in it for 30-45 minutes. After the bath, massage your body with a towel and spend at least half an hour under the beds, in the heat. These baths not only relax, but also have a strong anti-flu effect, as they greatly reduce microbial resistance.
Considered more food than medicine, hot soup especially chicken soup, seasoned with plenty of parsley and dill, is recommended for chilled people. Due to the natural substance content of the vegetables in its composition, hot soup is beneficial for the neck and upper respiratory tract. According to some studies, chicken soup reduces the inflammatory processes that make the mucous membranes of the nose and pharynx produce mucus. For those suffering from the cold, chicken soup calms the cough, sneezes and reduces nasal secretions.
It is also recommended to consume natural orange juice, lemon or grapefruit which contains vitamin C. The juice obtained from squeezed citrus fruits, along with two teaspoons of honey, the peel of fruit and water, is left to macerate for an hour or two. , after which drink. This combination contains vitamin C, very powerful anti-infectious agents and reduces fever. In order to have an anti-cold effect, drink three - four glasses, within 12 hours.

Prevention and contraindications


How to prevent the cold
To prevent the cold it will be necessary:
  • Vaccinate yourself against the flu or strengthen your immune system with herbal products (echinacea), which increase the body's non-specific immunity.
  • Consume at least 2 liters of fluids per day: water, herbal tea (green tea, chamomile, nettle, patlagina, thyme, sage, pomegranate, etc.) and freshly squeezed fruit and vegetable juices. In this way the toxins that caused the symptoms can be removed faster. Do not drink hot tea, as it dries the irritated mucous membranes and promotes the penetration of bacteria in the body.
  • Avoid crowding or large groups of people who are a favorable environment for the spread of viruses, especially during periods of epidemic.
  • The air conditioning that produces heat or dry air from the apartment affects the nasal mucosa and favors the propagation of some of the viruses that cause upper respiratory diseases. Humidify the air using water containers, which you place on the radiators and ventilate the room where you work or rest.
  • Wash your hands with soap as often as possible to prevent the spread of viruses. Do not rub your hands with your eyes or nose, as direct contact of the viruses with their mucosa causes colds.
  • Observe the quarantine measures in maternity hospitals and hospitals, especially during the influenza epidemic.
    Food precautions
  • Spices or fast foods: pepper, mustard, horseradish is recommended to be consumed only in moderate quantities. They will be consumed carefully because they can cause irritation of the mucous membranes, but they are allowed because they have a nasal decongestant effect, favoring the drainage of the mucous membranes. White blood cells (more specifically neutrophils), which have the role of destroying viruses, become lethargic and cannot effectively defend the body when there is sugar in the diet. Therefore sweets and carbohydrates should be removed from the diet during the cold.
  • Dairy products will be avoided during the cold season. There are clinical studies that show that certain components of milk cause histamine release in the body, which contributes to worsening nasal congestion.
  • Alcoholic beverages should be banned because they dehydrate the body, promote the elimination of vitamin C from the body and additionally load the already exhausted liver from fighting toxins. In case the appetite is low, the consumption of solid foods should not be considered a priority, as long as sufficient liquids are consumed.
  • Coffee and black tea should be avoided because they have diuretic effect and dehydrate the body, concentrating toxins that can lead to the symptoms of cold.

    Medication


    Cold drugs, which are issued without a prescription
    With or without medication, the cold or flu usually heals after about a week. To relieve cold symptoms such as a stuffy nose, fever or cough, medicines that are released without a prescription can be used.
    Nasal decongestants
    Thus in case of nasal congestion (clogged nose) nasal decongestants can be used, which reduces inflammation and edema of the nasal mucosa, allows the air to pass more easily and makes breathing easier. They can be administered orally (swallowed) or used in the form of drops or sprays.
    Oral decongestants (pills) are probably more effective and provide a long-lasting effect, but side effects are more common. This is why sprays and drops are preferred, which produce a rapid and short-term alleviation of symptoms. Sprays and nasal drops are not given more than 3 times daily, 3 days in a row: long-term administration can cause irritation of the nasal mucosa and even dependence on certain products. You can also use nasal saline drops (with physiological serum), which are not decongestant, but help maintain the moisture of the nasal mucosa, so that the inspired air can be filtered.
    cough
    Coughing is a defense mechanism of the body by which foreign particles or mucus are removed from the respiratory tract, so it is not always advisable to stop it. If this is very severe and prevents normal breathing and sleep, medicines can be used without a prescription:
  • expectorants - fluidizes the mucus in the respiratory tract, favoring its elimination; is recommended for productive cough (moist, with sputum)
  • suppressors - inhibits cough reflex; it is given in dry, dry cough (without sputum) and are contraindicated in productive cough, because it prevents the drainage (cleaning) of the airways; can make breathing difficult, so caution is recommended in the elderly and people with lung, respiratory and cardiac conditions.
    Anti-thermal and anti-allergic
    There are a lot of anti-allergic and anti-thermal products (fever fighting). Many of them contain either aspirin, ibuprofen or acetoaminophen. These three substances, like ketoprofen or sodium naproxen, relieve pain and reduce fever. They belong to classes of drugs called anti-inflammatories. These preparations can cause dizziness, gastric irritation, palpitations and sometimes allergic reactions. Cautions are recommended for children, pregnant women, gastric disorders and for people taking anticoagulants. Aspirin is not recommended for under 20s because it increases the risk of Reye syndrome in children.
    To remember!
    It is necessary to carefully read the package leaflet or seek the help of the doctor or pharmacist to choose a suitable preparation. Additional precautions are required in the case of children, pregnant women, the elderly, persons with other conditions and in the case of concomitant administration of other drugs. In case of side effects or if the disease worsens, it is recommended to request a medical consultation.
    Source: Sfatulmedicului.ro